Lacking Control Increases Illusory Pattern Perception

@article{Whitson2008LackingCI,
  title={Lacking Control Increases Illusory Pattern Perception},
  author={Jennifer Whitson and Adam D. Galinsky},
  journal={Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={322},
  pages={115 - 117}
}
We present six experiments that tested whether lacking control increases illusory pattern perception, which we define as the identification of a coherent and meaningful interrelationship among a set of random or unrelated stimuli. Participants who lacked control were more likely to perceive a variety of illusory patterns, including seeing images in noise, forming illusory correlations in stock market information, perceiving conspiracies, and developing superstitions. Additionally, we… 

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