Lack of understanding in fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis: the Illness Invalidation Inventory (3*I).

@article{Kool2010LackOU,
  title={Lack of understanding in fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis: the Illness Invalidation Inventory (3*I).},
  author={Marianne Belia Kool and Henri{\"e}t van Middendorp and Mark A. Lumley and Yolande Schenk and Johannes Wilhelmus Gerardus Jacobs and Johannes W J Bijlsma Bijlsma and Rinie Geenen},
  journal={Annals of the rheumatic diseases},
  year={2010},
  volume={69 11},
  pages={1990-5}
}
BACKGROUND Patients with rheumatic diseases may face 'discounting' (denying and patronising) or 'lack of understanding' because of having symptoms without external clinical signs, but instruments to assess such invalidation experiences are lacking. OBJECTIVES To develop and evaluate the Illness Invalidation Inventory (3*I), to compare invalidation experiences of two groups of patients who differ in visual signs and laboratory findings-rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and fibromyalgia-and to examine… CONTINUE READING

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