A number of anti-H-2 alloantisera containing antibody reactive with I region gene products (Ia) of the major histocompatibility complex cross-react with determinants expressed by human peripheral blood B lymphocytes. Such data have led to the conclusion that Ia and DR antigens share cross-reacting determinants. We have attempted to generate mouse primed T lymphocyte populations specific for defined I region gene product determinants which concomitantly recognize DR determinants on human peripheral blood leukocytes in primed lymphocyte typing (PLT) analysis. Mouse PLT cells were generated in primary MLC using strain combinations identical to those in which positive mouse/human cross-reacting antisera have been obtained. The resulting PLT cells exhibited strong, yet specific, secondary MLC responses against mouse cells expressing the Ia determinants used as the primary stimulus. In contrast, when examined on panels of human peripheral blood leukocytes, no reactivity was detected. This lack of cross-reactivity suggests that mouse T cells primed toward Ia determinants do not regularly recognize cross-reacting determinants of DR or D-associated antigens expressed on human PBLs. Consequently, mPLT cells are not a useful reagent in defining HLA-D region polymorphism.