The platelet-collagen receptor, glycoprotein (GP) la/lla plays a crucial role in the adhesion of platelets to fibrillar collagen, an event contributing to the pathogenesis of thrombosis. The C807T polymorphism of the GPla gene is considered a genetic marker of the platelet GPla/lla density. The importance of the GPla gene C807T polymorphism as a genetic risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. To assess this association, we performed a meta-analysis of published data.
A comprehensive meta-analysis of 19 studies, with a total sample of 13835 subjects using random effects models.
The C versus T allele contrast gave an OR of 0.998 with 95% Cl 0.937-1.064. Similarly, comparing the C homozygotes with the T homozygotes, the CC genotype versus the others and the TT genotype versus the rest, no evidence of any gene-disease association was obtained. Furthermore, the meta-regression analysis did not disclose any variable that could modify the role of this polymorphism in the development of CAD.
Our findings support the view that C807T polymorphism of the GPla gene is not a significant risk factor for CAD, either alone or in combination with other major cardiovascular risk factors.