Lack of Evidence of Transmission of HIV-1 to Family Contacts of H1V-1 Infected Children

  title={Lack of Evidence of Transmission of HIV-1 to Family Contacts of H1V-1 Infected Children},
  author={Teresa Courville and Blake Caldwell and Philip Alfred Brunell},
  journal={Clinical Pediatrics},
  pages={175 - 178}
Although a number of studies have documented that casual household contact does not result in the transmission of HIV, isolated cases of person-to-person transmission have been reported. We report a study of household transmission in which the families were unaware the children were infected with HIV and thus took no precautions to prevent transmission. Twenty-two family members of nine transfusion-associated HlV-infected children were studied for transmission of HIV in house-holds. There was a… 
Risk of HIV Transmission
To the editor: The report' on the risk of HIV-1 transmission to family contacts of infected children presents the subjective statement that the risk "is extremely small," which is misleading.
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It was concluded from this study and other evidence that the risk of transmission from children to their contacts is extremely low and has not been clearly documented in the household setting.
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Anti-HIV-1-positive hemophiliacs had not transmitted to their nonsexual household contacts before study entry and did not do so subsequently, indicating that the risk from even close nonsexual contact is extremely low.
Transmission from one child to another of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 with a zidovudine-resistance mutation.
A child who apparently acquired human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in the home setting is described, who was examined because of acute lymphadenopathy and had seroconverted to HIV-1 positivity.
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  • Medicine
    MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
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The findings of the epidemiologic and laboratory investigations underscore the need to educate persons who care for or are in contact with HIV-infected persons in household settings where such exposures may occur.
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