Laboratory evidence for proton energization by collisionless shock surfing

  title={Laboratory evidence for proton energization by collisionless shock surfing},
  author={Weipeng Yao and Alessandro Fazzini and S. N. Chen and Konstantin Burdonov and Patrizio Antici and J'erome B'eard and S. Bola{\~n}os and Andrea Ciardi and R. Diab and E. D. Filippov and S. Kisyov and V. Lelasseux and Marco Miceli and Q. Moreno and V. Nastasa and Salvatore Orlando and Sergey A. Pikuz and Diana Popescu and Guilhem Revet and Xavier Ribeyre and E. D'humieres and Julien Fuchs},
  journal={Nature Physics},
Charged particles can be accelerated to high energies by collisionless shock waves in astrophysical environments, such as supernova remnants. By interacting with the magnetized ambient medium, these shocks can transfer energy to particles. Despite increasing efforts in the characterization of these shocks from satellite measurements at Earth’s bow shock as well as powerful numerical simulations, the underlying acceleration mechanism or a combination thereof is still widely debated. Here we show… 

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