Laboratory-based Japanese encephalitis surveillance in Nepal and the implications for a national immunization strategy.

@article{Wierzba2008LaboratorybasedJE,
  title={Laboratory-based Japanese encephalitis surveillance in Nepal and the implications for a national immunization strategy.},
  author={Thomas F. Wierzba and Prakash Ghimire and Sarala Malla and Manas Banerjee and Sanjaya Kumar Shrestha and Basudha Khanal and Tika Ram Sedai and Robert V Gibbons},
  journal={The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene},
  year={2008},
  volume={78 6},
  pages={1002-6}
}
We report on two years of Japanese encephalitis (JE) surveillance in Nepal and the implications for a national immunization strategy. From May 2004 to April 2006, 4,652 patients with encephalitis were evaluated. A serum or cerebrospinal fluid specimen was collected from 3198 (69%) patients of which 1,035 (32%) were positive by Japanese encephalitis IgM ELISA. Most cases (N = 951, 92%) were from the 24 Terai districts (i.e., southern plains, 12.3 million persons) with the majority (N = 616, 65… CONTINUE READING

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