Labiaplasty: motivation, techniques, and ethics

  title={Labiaplasty: motivation, techniques, and ethics},
  author={M. {\"O}zer and I. Mortimore and E. Jansma and M. Mullender},
  journal={Nature Reviews Urology},
Labiaplasty (also known as labia minora reduction) is attracting increasing attention in the media and in online forums. Controversy exists among health-care professionals on how to manage a request for this surgery. Furthermore, the indications for and outcomes of labiaplasty have not yet been systematically assessed, and long-term outcomes have not yet been reported. Labia minora hypertrophy is defined as enlargement of the labia minora; however, the natural variation of labia minora size has… Expand
Self-Objectification, System Justifying Beliefs, and the Rise of Labiaplasty
Labiaplasty, an invasive surgical procedure that reduces the size of the labia minora, has dramatically increased in popularity, particularly among adolescent and young adult women in WesternExpand
Outcomes of labiaplasty in women with labial hypertrophy
Women who underwent labiaplasty were primarily motivated by functional concerns, and outcomes indicate a high satisfaction with genital appearance postoperatively as well as a positive effect on body image and quality of life. Expand
It is aimed to evaluate the counseling and care role of midwives and nurses with the Ex-PLISSIT Model, as well as the recommendations of international obstetrics and gynecology associations for genital aesthetic surgery operations and these operations. Expand
A New Modified Labiaplasty Combined with Wedge De-Epithelialization on the Medial Side and Edge Resection
Labiaplasty (labia minora reduction) has been increasingly requested in recent years. The surgical procedures previously reported in the literature may have some complications that affect patientExpand
Labiaplasty of bilateral labia minora hypertrophy with recurrent abscesses
Background: Labia minora hypertrophy is often overlooked in paraplegic women, here we present a rare case of bilateral labia minora hypertrophy with recurrent abscesses. A 31-year paraplegic womanExpand
Female Genital and Vaginal Plastic Surgery: An Overview.
This CME activity is intended to provide a brief 3500-word overview of female genital cosmetic surgery, primarily on elective vulvovaginal procedures, avoiding posttrauma reconstruction or gender-confirmation surgery. Expand
Critical Discussion on Female Genital Cutting/Mutilation and Other Genital Alterations
The goal of this paper is to discuss the juxtapositions between FGM/C and other medically unjustified genital alterations performed on adult women (aesthetical genital surgeries) and on childrenExpand
A New Concept for Central Wedge Resection in Labiaplasty
The surgical method introduced was indicated to be a simple and effective procedure that avoided wound dehiscence and scar contracture, which are common with the regular approach. Expand
Measuring Quality of Life in Female Genital Cosmetic Procedure Patients: A Systematic Review of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures.
There is a lack of specific, valid and reliable satisfaction and quality of life PROMs in the field of female genital cosmetic procedures, and future research should involve the development of such measures to more accurately assess the outcomes and benefits of these procedures. Expand
Genital Self-Image in Adolescent Girls: The Effectiveness of a Brief Educational Video.
It is suggested that a very brief educational video could be a useful tool to assist young girls with their genital self-image and recommend focusing on the diversity in normal female genital appearance when educating other young people. Expand


Factors That Influence the Decision to Undergo Labiaplasty: Media, Relationships, and Psychological Well-Being.
Media exposure and relationship status are identified as important factors that influence women's decisions to undergo labiaplasty. Expand
Predictors of Consideration of Labiaplasty
Our study investigated predictors of consideration of labiaplasty (the surgical reduction of the labia) using a sociocultural framework. A sample of 351 heterosexual adult Australian women aged 18–69Expand
A comparison of risk factors for women seeking labiaplasty compared to those not seeking labiaplasty.
Women seeking labiaplasty were, compared to the comparison group, no more likely to have a history of neglect or abuse during childhood and there was no difference between the groups on disgust sensitivity or the perception of being teased in the past about their competence or appearance in general. Expand
Psychological characteristics and motivation of women seeking labiaplasty
A wide range of avoidance and safety-seeking behaviours, which occurred more frequently in the labiaplasty group than the control group, could be used clinically as part of a psychological intervention for women seeking labia Plasty. Expand
The Safety of Aesthetic Labiaplasty: A Plastic Surgery Experience.
In the experience, aesthetic surgery of the labia minora using an edge excision technique has a very low complication rate and provides satisfactory aesthetic outcomes for patients and more studies examining the impact of labiaplasty on a woman's self-image and quality of life are needed. Expand
Fenestration Labioreduction of the Labium Minus: A New Surgical Intervention Concept
Objectives. To test applicability of the new surgical concept for labioreduction of the labia minora. Study Design. The observational, prospective, case series study was designed. Subjects. ThreeExpand
Psychosexual outcome after labiaplasty: a prospective case-comparison study
Labiaplasty is effective in improving genital appearance and sexual satisfaction, but larger studies are required to determine the prevalence of potential side effects. Expand
Hypertrophy of labia minora: experience with 163 reductions.
Labia minora reduction is a simple surgical procedure associated with a high degree of patient satisfaction and its results and complications and its complications are described. Expand
Techniques for Labia Minora Reduction: An Algorithmic Approach
A novel algorithm is described for matching the optimal surgical technique for each patient based on her degree of hypertrophy and aesthetic goals. Expand
Female attitudes regarding labia minora appearance and reduction with consideration of media influence.
It is demonstrated that the appearance of LM is important to women and that almost all women surveyed have heard about LM reduction during the past 2.2 years. Expand