• Corpus ID: 37674625


  author={Pam Thomason and Jill Rodda and Kate L Willoughby and H Kerr Graham},
Introduction The 2006 definition of cerebral palsy (CP) has been widely accepted and is recommended as the most useful operational definition of CP (Rosenbaum et al. 2007). This definition includes the term ‘secondary musculoskeletal problems’ as part of the spectrum of features seen in CP. This recognizes the impact of musculoskeletal pathologies on functioning for persons with CP. The focus of this section will be the effects of the brain lesion on the motor function of the lower limbs… 
Sleep positioning systems for children with cerebral palsy.
Limited data from two randomised trials, which evaluated the effectiveness of sleep positioning systems on sleep quality and pain for children with cerebral palsy, showed no significant differences in these aspects of health when children were using and not using a sleep positioning system.


A report: the definition and classification of cerebral palsy April 2006
Suggestions were made about the content of a revised definition and classification of CP that would meet the needs of clinicians, investigators, health officials, families and the public and would provide a common language for improved communication.
Optimization of walking ability of children with cerebral palsy.
It is important to examine indications and controversies for surgical intervention related to iliopsoas recession, femoral rotational osteotomy, medial hamstring lengthening, rectus femoris transfer, and gastrocnemius recession.
Musculoskeletal aspects of cerebral palsy.
The most important issue in cerebral palsy is the elucidation of the causal pathways from population-based epidemiological studies which will lead to primary prevention, which in a chronic, incurable condition is clearly the most humane and cost-effective strategy.
Management of Children With Ambulatory Cerebral Palsy: An Evidence-based Review
The current best evidence of effectiveness for musculoskeletal interventions in children with ambulatory cerebral palsy is reviewed including spasticity management with botulinum toxin A injections and selective dorsal rhizotomy; multilevel orthopaedic surgery to address contractures and bony deformity; and the role of gait analysis for surgical decision-making before orthopedic surgery.
Development and reliability of a system to classify gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy
A five‐level classification system analogous to the staging and grading systems used in medicine, which has application for clinical practice, research, teaching, and administration is developed.
Management of children with ambulatory cerebral palsy: an evidence-based review. Commentary by Hugh Williamson Gait Laboratory staff.
It is demonstrated that the use of IGA has improved medium and long term outcomes in ambulant children with cerebral palsy in a center where it has been used routinely both for planning SEMLS and for monitoring outcomes.
Should we be testing and training muscle strength in cerebral palsy?
  • D. Damiano, K. Dodd
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Developmental medicine and child neurology
  • 2002
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a collection of disorders characterized by an insult to the developing brain that produces a physical disability as the primary or distinguishing feature. The spastic form of
The Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) for children with cerebral palsy: scale development and evidence of validity and reliability.
Reliability was tested between pairs of therapists for 168 children between 4 and 18 years and between 25 parents and their children's therapists, demonstrating that MACS has good validity and reliability.
Prognosis for gross motor function in cerebral palsy: creation of motor development curves.
Evidence-based prognostication about gross motor progress in children with cerebral palsy is now possible, providing parents and clinicians with a means to plan interventions and to judge progress over time.
Adductor surgery to prevent hip displacement in children with cerebral palsy: the predictive role of the Gross Motor Function Classification System.
Walking ability, as defined with use of the GMFCS level, is a strong predictor of success or failure after hip adductor surgery in children with cerebral palsy.