author={Luisa Maffi},
  journal={Annual Review of Anthropology},
  • L. Maffi
  • Published 16 September 2005
  • Art
  • Annual Review of Anthropology
Over the past decade, the field of biocultural diversity has arisen as an area of transdisciplinary research concerned with investigating the links between the world’s linguistic, cultural, and biological diversity as manifestations of the diversity of life. The impetus for the emergence of this field came from the observation that all three diversities are under threat by some of the same forces and from the perception that loss of diversity at all levels spells dramatic consequences for… 
The Intersections of Biological Diversity and Cultural Diversity: Towards Integration
It is suggested that any hope for saving biological diversity is predicated on a concomitant effort to appreciate and protect cultural diversity, and that future policy responses should target both biological and cultural diversity in a combined approach to conservation.
Reappraising the Concept of Biocultural Diversity: a Perspective from South Africa
Biocultural diversity has been conceptualised as the sum of the world’s differences regarding biological diversity at all levels and cultural diversity in all its manifestations, and their
Analogies and links between cultural and biological diversity
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review the current state of knowledge about the links – metaphorical and real – between cultural and biological diversity.Design/methodology/approach – By
Biological, linguistic and cultural change and education in one coastal community in Newfoundland and Labrador
Much attention has been focused on issues of ecological and biological loss but less so on the worldwide loss of languages. There is heightened awareness of the need for sustainability in the
Biocultural Ethics: From Biocultural Homogenization Toward Biocultural Conservation
The 14th Cary Conference and this book Linking Ecology and Ethics for a Changing World: Values, Philosophy, and Action reconnect the theoretical reason of ecological sciences with the practical
Mexico’s Biocultural Diversity in Peril
Introduction: Places with high species diversity have high linguistic diversity, whereas areas with low species diversity tend to have low linguistic diversity. Objective: To characterize the
Evidence of traditional knowledge loss among a contemporary indigenous society.
Call for Integral Protection of Biocultural Diversity
The contemporary ecological crisis compels us to undertake research and adopt measures that will ensure the sustainable development of humanity. The main point here is that while satisfying the needs
Opinion: Cultural and linguistic diversities are underappreciated pillars of biodiversity
Biodiversity encompasses all life forms and their variation across the landscape and is often linked with better provision of ecosystem services and also helps assist and promote ecological conservation.


The distribution of cultural and biological diversity in Africa
One of the first quantitative descriptions of an apparent coincidence in species diversity and human cultural or linguistic diversity is presented and it is shown that, for 2° × 2° grid cells across sub–Saharan Africa, cultural diversity and vertebrate species diversity exhibit marked similarities in their overall distribution.
A global index of biocultural diversity
The oft-noted genetic and typological diversity of the languages of the New World is due not to accidents of history but to the operation of regular principles of linguistic geography. Four building
Cultural and Spiritual Values of Biodiversity
Weaving together philosophical, historical, legal, scientific and personal viewpoints, this book gives a rich sample of the vast web which makes up our cultural, spiritual and social diversity. The
Nothing has yet lasted forever: current and threatened levels of biological and cultural diversity
The analogy between biodiversity and cultural diversity cannot be general for all scales and areas, given the immense differences in history and various other factors, but the correspondence observed across and within species in these two groups is remarkable.
Safeguarding Species, Languages, and Cultures in the Time of Diversity Loss: From the Colorado Plateau to Global Hotspots
Hotspots of biodiversity have become priority areas for land conservation initiatives, oftentimes without recognition that these areas are hotspots of cultural diversity as well. Using the Colorado
Living on the Edge: Ecological and Cultural Edges as Sources of Diversity for Social—Ecological Resilience
A well-known facet of ecosystems is that the edges—the boundaries or transitions from one ecosystem to another—often exhibit high levels of species richness or biodiversity. These transitional areas
Language Diversity in West Africa: An Ecological Approach
Abstract Analysis of a linguistic atlas reveals an ecological gradient in the diversity of languages in West Africa. As one moves south from arid into lusher ecoclimatic zones, the average size of
Conserving the worlds biological diversity.
The value of biological diversity is determined by assessing the value of natures products and of commercially harvested products and the indirect value of ecosystem functions. The obstacles to
Latitudinal patterns and environmental determinants of recent human cultural diversity: do humans follow biogeographical rules?
The global distribution of 3814 human cultures in relation to latitude and climatic parameters is analyzed to suggest ecological equilibrium independent of evolutionary history in different continents has implications for the interpretation of human genetic diversity and the understanding of processes of human cultural diversification.