LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTS (LCAs) OF PYROLYSIS-BASED GASOLINE AND DIESEL FROM DIFFERENT REGIONAL FEEDSTOCKS: CORN STOVER, SWITCHGRASS, SUGAR CANE BAGASSE, WASTE WOOD, GUINEA GRASS, ALGAE, AND ALBIZIA

Abstract

.......................................................................................................................... xvii Chapter 1: Introduction to Pyrolysis Based Liquid Hydrocarbon Transportation Fuels ........................................................................................................ 1 1.1 Importance of Biofuels in the United States ................................................................. 1 1.1.1Energy Security/Reduction in Imports........................................................................ 1 1.1.2 Water Quality ............................................................................................................. 1 1.1.3 Land Use Change ....................................................................................................... 2 1.1.4 Other Factors Affecting GHG Emissions of Biofuels ............................................... 3 1.1.5 Jobs/Rural Development ............................................................................................ 3 1.2 Background on Rapid Thermal Processing of Biofuels ................................................ 4 1.2.1 Feedstock Production ................................................................................................. 4 1.2.2 Land Requirements .................................................................................................... 5 1.2.3 Feedstock Availability ............................................................................................... 7 1.2.4 Integrated Biorefinery for Production of Biofuel ...................................................... 8 1.2.5 Rapid Thermal Processing (Fast Pyrolysis) ............................................................... 9 1.2.6 Stabilization ............................................................................................................. 10 1.2.7 Upgrading ................................................................................................................ 10 iv 1.3 Sustainability Issues of Biomass and Biofuels ........................................................... 11 1.3.1 Sustainability Background ....................................................................................... 11 1.3.2 Switchgrass/Guinea Grass Sustainability Issues ...................................................... 12 1.3.3 Waste Wood Sustainability Issues ........................................................................... 13 1.3.4 Crop Residues Sustainability Issues ........................................................................ 13 1.3.5 Algae Sustainability Issues ...................................................................................... 14 1.3.6 Albizia Sustainability Issues .................................................................................... 15 1.4 A Review of LCA of Pyrolysis-Based Biofuels and Bioenergy ................................. 15 1.5 Research Objectives .................................................................................................... 17 Chapter 2: Life Cycle Assessment: Background and Assumptions ........................... 18 2.1 Goal and Scope ........................................................................................................... 18 2.2 Target Audience .......................................................................................................... 18 2.3 Functional Unit ........................................................................................................... 18 2.4 System Boundaries and Description of Product System ............................................. 19 2.5 Allocation .................................................................................................................... 20 Chapter 3: Inputs and Results for Feedstock Production ........................................... 22 3.1 Feedstock Production Inputs ....................................................................................... 22 3.1.1 Albizia ...................................................................................................................... 22 3.1.2 Switchgrass .............................................................................................................. 23 3.1.3 Wild Algae ............................................................................................................... 26 3.1.4 Open Pond Algae ..................................................................................................... 27 3.1.5 Cane Bagasse and Corn Stover ................................................................................ 28 3.1.6 Waste Wood ............................................................................................................. 32

Extracted Key Phrases

66 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Mihalek2015LIFECA, title={LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTS (LCAs) OF PYROLYSIS-BASED GASOLINE AND DIESEL FROM DIFFERENT REGIONAL FEEDSTOCKS: CORN STOVER, SWITCHGRASS, SUGAR CANE BAGASSE, WASTE WOOD, GUINEA GRASS, ALGAE, AND ALBIZIA}, author={Matthew J. Mihalek and David R. Shonnard and Wen Zhou and Gregory A. Graman}, year={2015} }