LC-MS-MS Method for Analysis of Opiates in Wastewater During Football Games II.

Abstract

Continuing our previous studies analyzing drugs of abuse in municipal wastewater, a method was developed for the analysis of opiates in wastewater samples using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS). Eight opiate drugs and metabolites were analyzed including codeine, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, 6-monoacetylmorphine (6-MAM, the primary urinary metabolite of heroin), morphine, norhydrocodone (the primary urinary metabolite of hydrocodone), oxycodone and oxymorphone. These drugs were chosen because of their widespread abuse. Wastewater samples were collected at both the Oxford Waste Water Treatment Plant in Oxford, Mississippi (MS) and the University Wastewater Treatment Plant in University, MS. These wastewater samples were collected on weekends in which the Ole Miss Rebel football team held home games (Vaught-Hemingway Stadium, University, MS 38677). The collected samples were analyzed using a validated method and found to contain codeine, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, morphine, norhydrocodone, oxycodone and oxymorphone. None of the samples contained 6-MAM.

DOI: 10.1093/jat/bkw022

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Cite this paper

@article{Gul2016LCMSMSMF, title={LC-MS-MS Method for Analysis of Opiates in Wastewater During Football Games II.}, author={Waseem Gul and Brandon J Stamper and Murrell Godfrey and Shahbaz W Gul and Mahmoud A. Elsohly}, journal={Journal of analytical toxicology}, year={2016}, volume={40 5}, pages={330-7} }