Design and optimization of a novel reverse transcription linear-after-the-exponential PCR for the detection of foot-and-mouth disease virus.
Accurate detection of gene sequences in single cells is the ultimate challenge of PCR sensitivity. Unfortunately, commonly used conventional and real-time PCR techniques are often too unreliable at that level to provide the accuracy needed for clinical diagnosis. Here we provide details of Linear-After-The-Exponential-PCR (LATE-PCR), a method similar to asymmetric PCR in the use of primers at -different concentrations, but with novel design criteria to insure high efficiency and specificity. LATE-PCR increases the signal strength and allele discrimination capability of oligonucleotide probes such as molecular beacons and reduces variability among replicate samples. The analysis of real-time kinetics of LATE-PCR signals provides a means for improving the accuracy of single-cell genetic diagnosis.