L6E9 Myoblasts Are Deficient of Myostatin and Additional TGF-β Members Are Candidates to Developmentally Control Their Fiber Formation

Abstract

This work provides evidence that the robust myoblast differentiation observed in L6E9 cells is causally linked to deficiency of myostatin, which, conversely, has been found to be expressed in C2C12 cells. However, despite the absence of endogenous myostatin, L6E9 myoblasts expressed functional Activin receptors type II (ActRIIs) and follistatin as well as the highly related TGF-beta members Activins and GDF11, suggesting that in this cell line the regulation of fiber size might be under the control of multiple regulators regardless of myostatin. In line with this hypothesis, delivery of a dominant-negative ActRIIb form or the increase of follistatin, as obtained via Trichostatin treatment or stable transfection of a short human follistatin form, enhanced the L6E9 cell differentiation and further increased the size of myotubes, suggesting that L6E9 myoblasts provide a spontaneous myostatin knock-out in vitro model to study TGF-beta ligands involved in developmental regulation of fiber size.

DOI: 10.1155/2010/326909

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@inproceedings{Rossi2010L6E9MA, title={L6E9 Myoblasts Are Deficient of Myostatin and Additional TGF-β Members Are Candidates to Developmentally Control Their Fiber Formation}, author={Stefania P. R. Rossi and Elena Stoppani and Massimiliano Gobbo and Anna Caroli and Alessandro Fanzani}, booktitle={Journal of biomedicine & biotechnology}, year={2010} }