Kwashiorkor from a severe dietary restriction in an 8‐month infant in suburban Detroit, Michigan: case report and review of the literature

@article{Tierney2010KwashiorkorFA,
  title={Kwashiorkor from a severe dietary restriction in an 8‐month infant in suburban Detroit, Michigan: case report and review of the literature},
  author={Emily P. Tierney and Robert J Sage and Tor A Shwayder},
  journal={International Journal of Dermatology},
  year={2010},
  volume={49}
}
Kwashiorkor is a type of protein‐calorie malnutrition often seen in children of impoverished countries and famine. The condition occurs in the setting of insufficient protein intake in the presence of sufficient caloric intake. We report a case of a 8‐month‐old male infant in the suburban Detroit, MI, USA who presented with diffuse edema, erythroderma and desquamation, a “bull‐dog” face, diarrhea, and irritability, consistent with kwashiorkor as a result of severe dietary restriction. The… 

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Dermatosis in a Child with Kwashiorkor Secondary to Food Aversion

A case of kwashiorkor in a child with food aversion that manifested as “flaky paint dermatitis” is described and a differential diagnosis for any child with a generalized eczematous or desquamative rash is presented.

ABC of nutrition. Malnutrition in the Third World--I.

In 3rd world countries about 2% of young children show severe protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) Nutritional marasmus is the commonest severe form of PEM the childhood version of starvation.

Severe Nutritional Deficiencies in Toddlers Resulting From Health Food Milk Alternatives

Two cases of severe nutritional deficiency caused by consumption of health food beverages are reported on, one of which is unable to find previous reports of kwashiorkor caused by a health food milk alternative, and the other of which has been overlooked.

Case report of 5 siblings: malnutrition? Rickets? DiGeorge syndrome? Developmental delay?

The raw foods vegan diet and possibly inherited small stature from the father's side account for their relatively low heights and weights.

Critical appraisal of the management of severe malnutrition: 2. Dietary management

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There is evidence to support the WHO Manual’s protocol of cautious feeding of a low energy and protein formula with small frequent feeds in the initial phase of treatment, particularly in kwashiorkor, and preliminary evidence suggests that smaller doses of daily vitamin A are preferable to a single large dose on admission for severe malnutrition.

Potassium supplementation in kwashiorkor.

The high potassium supplementation reduced mortality and significant morbidity in kwashiorkor and may be due to improved myocardial and immune function from earlier repletion of intracellular potassium.

Lipid kinetic differences between children with kwashiorkor and those with marasmus.

Children with kwashiorkor break down fat and oxidize fatty acids less efficiently than do children with marasmus; this factor may explain the better survival rate in marasmu.

Effects of antioxidants on glutathione levels and clinical recovery from the malnutrition syndrome kwashiorkor – a pilot study

The data strongly suggest that a therapy restoring the antioxidative capacity by applying cysteine equivalents in the form of glutathione and/or α-lipoic acid is beneficial for biochemical and clinical recovery of kwashiorkor patients.