Kurt Lewin and the planned approach to change: A re-appraisal

  title={Kurt Lewin and the planned approach to change: A re-appraisal},
  author={Bernard Burnes},
  journal={Journal of Management Studies},
  • B. Burnes
  • Published 29 September 2004
  • Business
  • Journal of Management Studies
The work of Kurt Lewin dominated the theory and practice of change management for over 40 years. However, in the past 20 years, Lewin's approach to change, particularly the 3-Step model, has attracted major criticisms. The key ones are that his work: assumed organizations operate in a stable state; was only suitable for small-scale change projects; ignored organizational power and politics; and was top-down and management-driven. This article seeks to re-appraise Lewin's work and challenge the… 
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