Kosovo and the Great Air Power Debate

  title={Kosovo and the Great Air Power Debate},
  author={Daniel L. Byman and Matthew C. Waxman},
  journal={International Security},
The capitulation of Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic on June 9, 1999, after seventy-eight days of bombing by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), is being portrayed by many as a watershed in the history of air power. For the arst time, the use of air strikes alone brought a foe to its knees—and at the cost of no NATO lives. The prophecies of Giulio Douhet and other air power visionaries appear realized.1 Lieut. Gen. Michael Short, who ran the bombing campaign, has argued that… 

Precision and Purpose: Airpower in the Libyan Civil War

Abstract : From March 19 to October 31, 2011, the United States and a coalition of fellow North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies and partner states waged a remarkable air war in Libya.

A Clear Victory for Air Power: NATO's Empty Threat to Invade Kosovo

President Slobodan Milosevi ae surrender control of Kosovo to NATO on June 9, 1999? Two reasons are most commonly cited: (1) the likelihood of continued and intensiŽed NATO air strikes, and (2) the

The 2006 Lebanon War: Lessons Learned

  • S. Kreps
  • Political Science
    The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters
  • 2007
To critics of airpower, Israel's 2006 war with Hizballah exposed the fallacy that targeting centers of gravity, such as population, command and control, and infrastructure could coerce the adversary

Airpower and Quagmire: Historical Analogies and the Second Lebanon War

This paper assesses the role that analogical reasoning played in Israel's decision making during the 2006 Second Lebanon War with Hezbollah. Two analogies seemed to dominate internal deliberations:

The Air War over Serbia: Denial, Punishment, or Balance of Interest?

Abstract : Since the days of Giulio Douhet, airpower theorists and practitioners have hotly debated the best use of airpower for achieving political objectives. Academics and airmen have written and

Discrimination in Aerial Bombing: An Enduring Norm in the 20th Century?

The role airpower can and should play in current and future armed conflicts is contested. The 1990s saw overwhelming optimism about the ability of airpower to win wars by itself and to facilitate

Air Power Versus a Fielded Force: The Misty Facs Of Vietnam and the A-10 Facs of Kosovo a Comparative Analysis

Abstract : Since World War II, the United States has been involved in several limited conflicts against smaller, far less militarily capable opponents. Unlimited war with the Soviet Union, for which

Severing the Snake's Head: The Question of Air Power as a Political Instrument in the Post-Cold War Security Environment

Abstract : Is American air power sliding toward irrelevancy in the security environment that the United States confronts as it moves into the twenty first century? Attitudes of certain senior airmen

Bombing to Lose? Airpower, Civilian Casualties, and the Dynamics of Violence in Counterinsurgency Wars

Are airstrikes an effective tool against insurgent organizations? Despite the question's historical and contemporary relevance, we have few dedicated studies, and even less consensus, about

Response options: Future of Indian air power vision 2020

Abstract Instead of further clarifying and illuminating the role of air power in national security, the 1991 Gulf War and the 1999 Kosovo air campaign raised a new debate about whether or not air



The Mystique of U.S. Air Power

Air power is an unusually seductive form of military strength, in part because, like modern courtship, it appears to offer gratification without commitment. Francis Bacon wrote of com mand of the sea

The Fallout from Kosovo

Contrary to many fears, Kosovo did not ruin the North Atlantic Alliances 50th anniversary celebration in Washington last April after all. On the contrary, the solidarity that all the allies felt

Kosovo's Next Masters?

The rumbles of yet another nationalist earthquake are shaking the former Yugoslavia. Rising from the fetid hovels of Pristina and the concrete-block family farms of rural Kosovo is the newest

Arms and Influence

Traditionally, Americans have viewed war as an alternative to diplomacy, and military strategy as the science of victory. Today, however, in our world of nuclear weapons, military power is not so

Baghdad: The Urban Sanctuary in Desert Storm

Abstract : WITH THE EARLY morning attack on the Al Firdos (Amiriyah) shelter on 13 February, Gen Colin Powell thought that Baghdad bombing had run its course. What's the value of "making the rubble

10 Propositions Regarding Air Power

Abstract : Though we are still within the first century of powered flight, air power has already become the dominant form of military power projection in the modern world. The doctrinal underpinnings

Policy and opinion in the Gulf War

The Persian Gulf crisis may well have been the most extensively polled episode in US history as President Bush, his opponents and even Saddam Hussein appealed to, and tried to influence, public

Why the Allies Won

The Allied victory in 1945 - though comprehensive - was far from inevitable. By 1942 almost the entire resources of continental Europe were in German hands and Japan had wiped out the western

Defining Moment: The Threat and Use of Force in American Foreign Policy

The use of military force has been a difficult subject for American leaders for three decades. Ever since the failure of American policy and military power in Vietnam, it has been hard for U.S.

Redefining the National Interest

N at o ' s m i L i ta R y intervention in Kosovo dramatically raises a larger problem: how should the United States define its interests in today s world? After the collapse of the Soviet Union, what