Corpus ID: 138414731

Kornfeinung von Reinstkupfer durch Chemische Zusaetze, Teil 1

@article{Reif1993KornfeinungVR,
  title={Kornfeinung von Reinstkupfer durch Chemische Zusaetze, Teil 1},
  author={Winfried Reif},
  journal={Metall},
  year={1993},
  volume={47},
  pages={1005-1014}
}
  • W. Reif
  • Published 1993
  • Materials Science
  • Metall
The paper deals with the possibilities of grain refinement of superpure copper by additions of elements of the groups IIa through VIIIa an IIb through VIb of the periodic table as well as iron as cerium. Effects of addition rate of grain refiners, melt temperature and cooling rate on the grain size were studied. A fully equiaxial structure can be obtained at low pouring temperatures and high cooling rates. Most elements of the groups IIIb through VIb, especially S, Se and Te, have the strongest… Expand
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