Knowware: The Third Star after Hardware and Software

@inproceedings{Bell2009KnowwareTT,
  title={Knowware: The Third Star after Hardware and Software},
  author={David A. Bell and Ying Jiang and Ruqian Lu and Kaile Su and Songmao Zhang},
  booktitle={KSEM},
  year={2009}
}
Ruqian Lu first presented the notion of knowware in 2005 through his IEEE Intelligent Systems paper entitled "From hardware to software to knowware: IT's third liberation?". He further elaborated the notion in the book "Kowware, the third star after hardware and software", published in 2007 by Polimetrica. Lu defines knowware as an independent and commercialized knowledge module that is computer operable, but free of any built-in control mechanism (in particular, not bund to any software… Expand
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  • Computer Science
  • Science in China Series F: Information Sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
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  • R. Lu
  • Computer Science
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  • 2008
TLDR
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  • R. Lu
  • Computer Science
  • 2010 IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering
  • 2010
TLDR
The technique of symbolic generator and symbolic inheritance is proposed to implement the abstract interpretation of class methods and class inheritance when concrete and abstract objects and classes both exist. Expand
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