Knowledge gaps and missing links in understanding mass extinctions: Can mathematical modeling help?

  title={Knowledge gaps and missing links in understanding mass extinctions: Can mathematical modeling help?},
  author={Ivan Sudakow and Corinne E. Myers and Sergei V. Petrovskii and Colin D. Sumrall and James D. Witts},
  journal={Physics of life reviews},

A Model of Mass Extinction Accounting for Species's Differential Evolutionary Response to a Catastrophic Climate Change

Mass extinction is a phenomenon in the history of life on Earth when a considerable number of species go extinct over a relatively short period of time. The magnitude of extinction varies between the

Describing the evolution and perturbations to biodiversity using a simple dynamical model

In this work, we outline a mathematical description of biodiversity evolution throughout the Phanerozoic based on a simple coupled system of two differential equations and on the division of genera

Climate modelling of mass-extinction events: a review

  • G. Feulner
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    International Journal of Astrobiology
  • 2009
Abstract Despite tremendous interest in the topic and decades of research, the origins of the major losses of biodiversity in the history of life on Earth remain elusive. A variety of possible causes

Limits to biodiversity cycles from a unified model of mass-extinction events

  • G. Feulner
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    International Journal of Astrobiology
  • 2011
It is shown that if there is a periodic extinction signal at all, it is much more likely to result from a combination of a comparatively weak periodic cause and various random factors.

High-precision timeline for Earth’s most severe extinction

This work presents a high-precision age model for the end-Permian mass extinction, which was the most severe loss of marine and terrestrial biota in the last 542 My, that allows exploration of the sequence of events at millennial to decamillenial timescales 252 Mya and establishes an accurate time point for evaluating the plausibility of trigger and kill mechanisms.

Environmental determinants of extinction selectivity in the fossil record

  • S. Peters
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2008
A new compilation of the temporal durations of sedimentary rock packages is used to show that carbonate and terrigenous clastic marine shelf environments have different spatio-temporal dynamics and that these dynamics predict patterns of genus-level extinction, extinction selectivity and diversity among Sepkoski’s Palaeozoic and modern evolutionary faunae.

Climate change and the selective signature of the Late Ordovician mass extinction

Results indicate that glacioeustatic sea-level fall and tropical ocean cooling played important roles in the first pulse of the Late Ordovician mass extinction in Laurentia, and substantially underestimates the extinction of exclusively tropical taxa during the late Katian interval.

How to kill (almost) all life: the end-Permian extinction event

Biomarker Records Associated with Mass Extinction Events

The history of life on Earth is punctuated by a series of mass extinction episodes that vary widely in their magnitude, duration, and cause. Biomarkers are a powerful tool for the reconstruction of

Greenhouse biogeography: the relationship of geographic range to invasion and extinction in the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway

The results suggest that some biogeographic “rules” may not prevail under greenhouse conditions of long-term, equable warmth, and suggest that other factors beyond geographic range size, including distinctive niche characteristics, may play quite important roles in species survival and invasion potential.

Diversity decoupled from ecosystem function and resilience during mass extinction recovery

A fundamental link between ecosystem recovery and biogeochemical cycling over timescales that are longer than those suggested by proxies of export production, but far shorter than the return of taxonomic richness is suggested.

Life in the Aftermath of Mass Extinctions

  • P. Hull
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Current Biology
  • 2015