Knowledge-based information acquisition: norms and the functions of consensus information.

@article{Hilton1988KnowledgebasedIA,
  title={Knowledge-based information acquisition: norms and the functions of consensus information.},
  author={Denis J. Hilton and Robert H. Smith and Mark D. Alicke},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1988},
  volume={55 4},
  pages={530-40}
}
Mill's (1872/1973) method of difference prescribes that the lay scientist should use consensus information as a control condition for the person and distinctiveness information as a control condition for the stimulus when analyzing their causal effects on the occurrence of the target event. However, in studies of information acquisition, subjects have shown a consistent preference for distinctiveness information when answering causal questions about the person, and for consensus information… CONTINUE READING