Knowledge and Organization: A Social-Practice Perspective

  title={Knowledge and Organization: A Social-Practice Perspective},
  author={John Seely Brown and Paul Duguid},
  journal={Organization Science},
While the recent focus on knowledge has undoubtedly benefited organizational studies, the literature still presents a sharply contrasting and even contradictory view of knowledge, which at times is described as "sticky" and at other times "leaky." This paper is written on the premise that there is more than a problem with metaphors at issue here, and more than accounts of different types of knowledge (such as "tacit" and "explicit") can readily explain. Rather, these contrary descriptions of… 

Knowledge and Organization-On knowledge bureaucracies , communities and collectivities

Increasingly, both practitioners and theorists put forward " knowledge " as a deus ex machina for achieving competitiveness. Obviously, in a general sense, all firms or organizations may be said to

Interactive Innovation Processes and the Problems of Managing Knowledge

In the early days of knowledge management both the literature and practice were relatively simplistic in orientation. Knowledge was seen as crucial in securing competitive advantage for all

Knowledge Risks in Organizational Networks: The Practice Perspective

Research Utilisation & Knowledge Mobilisation: A Scoping Review of the Literature

Organizational knowledge is much talked about but little understood. In this paper we set out to conceptualize organizational knowledge and explore its implications for knowledge management. We take

The firm as an epistemic community: The knowledge based view revisited

Based on a sociological conceptualization of knowledge as residing in groups of practitioners, epistemic communities , this article proposes a new perspective within the knowledge-based view of the

Trust and betrayal in Knowledge Management

Positivist accounts of the KM literature neglect the diverse and socially created nature of knowledge and organizational relations. However, more critical accounts stress a less epidermal approach to

Knowledge sharing in a dispersed network of HR practice: Zooming in on power/knowledge struggles

The practice-based view of knowledge is recognized as an important epistemological perspective in the knowledge management literature. However, there is also a growing awareness that approaches

Evolving knowledge : An exploration of affinities between knowledge management and communities of practice

The concept of Knowledge Management has enjoyed the last few years an extensive and vigorous research by both practitioners and academics. Started as an ambitious effort to understand and manage

Managing the KM Trade-Off: Knowledge Centralization versus Distribution

The paper introduces the two major views on knowledge ­objectivist, subjectivist - and explodes each of them into two major approaches to KM: knowledge as a market, and knowledge as intellectual capital (the objectivistic perspective); knowledge as mental models, andknowledge as practice (the subjectivist perspective).


  • Business
  • 2011
The field of knowledge management has developed quickly over the last decade and the literature on the topic has demonstrated increasing diversity and specialization (EasterbySmith and Lyles, 2003).



Knowledge of the Firm, Combinative Capabilities, and the Replication of Technology

How should we understand why firms exist? A prevailing view has been that they serve to keep in check the transaction costs arising from the self-interested motivations of individuals. We develop in

What Firms Do? Coordination, Identity, and Learning

Firms are organizations that represent social knowledge of coordination and learning. But why should their boundaries demarcate quantitative shifts in the knowledge and capability of their members?

Bridging epistemologies: The generative dance between organizational knowledge and organizational knowing

Bridgin Epistemologies: The Generative Dance between Organizational Knowledge and Organizational Knowing - Much current work on organizational knowledge, intellectual capital, knowledge-creating

Information Acumen: The Understanding and Use of Knowledge in Modern Business

From the Publisher: The present period has been called the Information Age. Until now, however, historians have by and large passed over the use and generation of business information. This

Organizational Learning and Communities-of-Practice: Toward a Unified View of Working, Learning, and Innovation

Recent ethnographic studies of workplace practices indicate that the ways people actually work usually differ fundamentally from the ways organizations describe that work in manuals, training

How Japanese Companies Create the Dynamics of Innovation

Ambiguity and the process of knowledge transfer in strategic alliances

This research examines the role played by the ‘causally ambiguous’ nature of knowledge in the process of knowledge transfer between strategic alliance partners. Based on a cross‐sectional sample of

Shared knowledge, “glitches,” and product development performance

This work examines the product development efforts of a scientific software company, and defines the ‘glitch’ as a costly error possible only because knowledge was not shared, and measures the influence of glitches on firm performance.

Informal Collaboration in R & D. The formation of Networks Across Organizations

A barter economy is operated by the Danish biotech community. This barter economy is significant as an 'interactional infra-structure' for the emergence and discovery of collaborative R&D venues.

Technicians in the Workplace: Ethnographic Evidence for Bringing Work into Organizational Studies

The work reported herein was supported under the Educational Research and Development Center program, agreement #R1 17000011-91, CFDA 84.117Q as administered by the Office of Educational Research and