Know Thy Gender: Etymological Primer

  title={Know Thy Gender: Etymological Primer},
  author={Diederik F. Janssen},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
Use of the word gender in the post-WW2 Anglophone world has been evermore ubiquitous though not always unambiguous (e.g., Haig, 2004; Muehlenhard & Peterson, 2011). The seminal phrase gender role and orientation is well-known to have debuted in mid-1950s work by John Money (1921–2006) and colleagues, seemingly first in a book of abstracts pertinent to the 13th M. and R. Pediatric Research Conference1 of November 3–4, 1954 (Hampson, 1954; Money, 1954). Gender identity followed about a decade… 
Gender Expression and Its Correlates in a Nationally Representative Sample of the U.S. Adult Population: Findings from the National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior
It was found that a large proportion saw themselves as more masculine or feminine than men and women on average, suggesting that accentuating one’s gender conformity has a psychological function.
Psychoneuroendocrine protocol to comprehensively study sexually dimorphic cognition
Microcredit and Women’s Empowerment in Kyenjojo District of Uganda
Over the years, women empowerment has taken center stage in Uganda’s government policy and development agenda while acknowledging that women have a role to play in economic growth. Therefore, the
Ideological Bias in the Psychology of Sex and Gender
1 Measuring Sex Differences and Similarities


Distinguishing Between Sex and Gender: History, Current Conceptualizations, and Implications
Many psychologists, particularly feminist psychologists, have drawn a distinction between the term sex and the term gender. The purposes of this paper were to review the history of this distinction
The concept of gender identity disorder in childhood and adolescence after 39 years.
  • J. Money
  • Sociology
    Journal of sex & marital therapy
  • 1994
Causality with respect to gender identity disorder is subdivisible into genetic, prenatal hormonal, postnatal social, and postpubertal hormonal determinants, but there is, as yet, no comprehensive and detailed theory of causality.
The Inexorable Rise of Gender and the Decline of Sex: Social Change in Academic Titles, 1945–2001
  • D. Haig
  • Sociology
    Archives of sexual behavior
  • 2004
The use of gender has tended to expand to encompass the biological, and a sex/gender distinction is now only fitfully observed.
A Theology of Gender
In the last chapter of his book, The Man-Woman Relation in Christian Thought, entitled "Towards a Theology of Sex," Sherwin Bailey pleads for a proper use of the word "sex" or "sexuality." The
Woman, Know Thyself: Producing and Using Phrenological Knowledge in 19th‐Century America
This article explores the production and consumption of phrenological knowledge for and by middle-class women in the USA during the early and middle decades of the 19th century. At a time when
Psychosexual Identification (Psychogender) in the Intersexed
Once a way of determining the psychogender was established, the field of enquiry resolved itself into a dual set of problems: the development of psychological criteria for handling decisions on the treatment of the adult and infant intersexed patient, and the use of this cruel caprice of Nature as an experimental situation from which to glean implications vital to psychiatric theory.
A Cross-Cultural Study of Female Initiation Rites
THIS study attempts to answer two important questions concerning initiation rites for girls. First, why are these ceremonies observed in some societies and omitted in others? Second, how can the
The development of sex-role inversion and homosexuality.
Stage-acting, role-taking, and effeminate impersonation during boyhood.
PROFESSIONAL and lay persons alike are aware that certain types of people are found more frequently in certain walks of life. For example, it is commonly accepted that many homosexuals are found in
The Adjustment of the Individual to his Age and Sex Roles
I ' N DISCUSSING the adjustment of the individual to his age and sex roles, I shall be using the term role to refer to an internally consistent series of conditioned responses by one member of a