Knotted continuous cardiac output thermodilution catheter diagnosed by intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography.

@article{Kao2003KnottedCC,
  title={Knotted continuous cardiac output thermodilution catheter diagnosed by intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography.},
  author={M. C. Kao and Shi-Ming Lin and Yu Sheng Yu and Ying Chieh Huang and Chien-Kun Ting and Shen kou Tsai},
  journal={British journal of anaesthesia},
  year={2003},
  volume={91 3},
  pages={451-2}
}
EditorÐKnotting of a conventional pulmonary artery (PA) catheter on insertion is occasionally encountered, but it is rare for a continuous cardiac output (CCO) catheter to do so in our experience. We report a knotted CCO catheter that was diagnosed by transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) during cardiac surgery. A 51-yr-old woman who had had a recent myocardial infarction underwent myocardial revascularization. After induction of anaesthesia, a 5.0 MHz multiplane TOE probe (Hewlett± Packard… CONTINUE READING

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