Kinking of endotracheal tubes during maxima flexion of the atlanto-occipital joint in dogs.


Endotracheal tubes manufactured from red rubber and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) were compared, using radiographic techniques, in dog cadavers, under in vitro conditions and in anaesthetised dogs (in vivo study). All endotracheal tubes were radiographed in 'neutral' and flexed positions and the percentage reduction in the ventrodorsal radiographical diameter of… (More)


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