King crabs of the western Atlantic sector of Antarctic and adjacent areas: new records, molecular barcode data and distribution (Crustacea: Decapoda: Lithodidae)

  title={King crabs of the western Atlantic sector of Antarctic and adjacent areas: new records, molecular barcode data and distribution (Crustacea: Decapoda: Lithodidae)},
  author={Sergey E. Anosov and Vassily A. Spiridonov and Tatiana V. Neretina and Ekaterina F. Uryupova and Dimitry M. Schepetov},
  journal={Polar Biology},
In many areas of the Antarctic and Subantarctic, king crabs records are still fragmentary. New data on the distribution of Lithodidae in the Scotia Sea and the adjacent area of the south-west Atlantic and the south-east Pacific have been collected during exploratory pot fishing in the year 2010 and are also based on some earlier collections that are deposited in Russian museums. The occurrence of Lithodes macquariae off Peter I Island is confirmed. Lithodes confundens, Lithodes turkayi and… 
Pole to pole: the deep-sea king crab Lithodes couesi (Decapoda: Lithodidae) in the Burdwood Bank, Southwestern Atlantic Ocean
The occurrence of the deep-sea king crab Lithodes couesi in the marine protected area (MPA) Namuncurá/Burdwood Bank II, Southwestern Atlantic Ocean is identified and reported, suggesting that the distributions of deep-water lithodid species are more extensive than they have been previously thought.
Biology of the king crab Paralomis birsteini on the continental slope off the western Antarctic Peninsula
The success of contemporary lithodid populations on the Antarctic slope suggests they have the potential to expand upward to the continental shelf, although the proportion of limb loss was relatively high.
Evolution through cold and deep waters: the molecular phylogeny of the Lithodidae (Crustacea: Decapoda)
Gen sequence data is used to assess the hypothesis that the Lithodinae arose from ancestors with uncalcified abdomens in shallow waters of the North-East Pacific, investigate the monophyly and interrelationships of genera within the Lithodes genus, and estimate the scale and minimum number of biogeographic transitions from the shallow environment to the deep sea and vice versa.
Until now only six species of lithodids have been found occasionally in the Brazilian coast. Most king crabs are accidentally caught during fisheries targeting other species. Herein we report new
Incongruence between molecular and morphological characters in the southern king crabs Lithodes santolla and Lithodes confundens (Decapoda: Anomura)
The need to revise the use of the number of spines as a relevant taxonomic character in the taxonomy of Lithodes, and to implement molecular genetic methods to control fisheries, is suggested.
New record of Paralomis spinosissima Birstein & Vinogradov (Decapoda: Anomura: Lithodidae) from Mar del Plata, Argentina.
A juvenile male lithodid crab Paralomis spinosissima is recorded off shores of Mar del Plata (~37°S), Argentina, which extends the distribution range of the species over 1300 km northwards in the Atlantic Ocean.
Thermal behaviour and the prospect spread of an invasive benthic top predator onto the Euro‐Arctic shelves
It is argued that current management practices of the introduced red king crab compromise Arctic biodiversity and conservation and, to counteract further spreading, free fisheries are recommended on this species across its entire distributional area in the Northeast Atlantic.


A new species and new records of lithodid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Lithodidae) from the Crozet and Kerguelen Islands area (Subantarctica)
Four species of lithodid crabs from waters in the Crozet and Kerguelen Islands area were studied and a new species, Neolithodes duhameli, is described, which is the fourth representative of the genus in Subantarctic waters and belongs to the group of species possessing a carapace, chelipeds and walking legs covered with numerous spinules or spiniform granules in addition to spines.
A large population of king crabs in Palmer Deep on the west Antarctic Peninsula shelf and potential invasive impacts
  • C. Smith, L. Grange, E. Domack
  • Environmental Science, Geology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2011
DNA sequencing and morphology indicate the lithodid is Neolithodes yaldwyni Ahyong & Dawson, previously reported only from Ross Sea waters, and this population provides an important model for the potential invasive impacts of crushing predators on vulnerable Antarctic shelf ecosystems.
Lithodidae from the Ross Sea, Antarctica, with descriptions of two new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura)
The presence of N. yaldwyni in the Ross Sea is consistent with the hypothesis that lithodids colonized the Southern Ocean via southward movement from low to high latitudes through deepwater, and indicates a possible South African–Kerguelen–Antarctica link.
On the biogeography and ecology of the Southern Ocean decapod fauna
The biogeography and ecology of decapod crustaceans was described for the higher latitudes of the Southern Ocean and the restriction of the Brachyura to shallow-water zones is discussed as one reason, that caused the absence of this group on the Antarctic continental shelves after the successive elimination of the shallow- water fauna during glaciation of the southern hemisphere.
On the distribution of decapod crustaceans from the Magellan Biogeographic Province and the Antarctic region
The distribution of decapod crustaceans in the southernmost areas of South America and the Antarctic is assessed considering the Magellan Biogeographic Province instead of the antiboreal region.
A Scenario of the Late-Pleistocene-Holocene Changes in the Distributional Range of Antarctic Krill (Euphausia superba)
. Oceanographic evidence along with the data on Euphausia superba distribution indicate that the reproductive range of this species is related to the southernmost core of the Antarctic Circumpolar
Antarctic Crabs: Invasion or Endurance?
There is no evidence for a modern-day “crab invasion” of lithodid crabs around Antarctica, and distribution patterns, species richness, and levels of endemism all suggest that, rather than becoming extinct and recently re-invading from outside Antarctica, the lithodids have likely persisted, and even radiated, on or near to Antarctic slope.
New record of Lithodidae (Crustacea Decapoda, Anomura) from the Antarctic (Bellingshausen Sea)
During the Bentart-2003 Cruise, three species of Lithodidae, Paralomis birsteini, Lithodes murrayi and Neolithodes capensis, were caught from 218 m to 1947 m, showing large and discontinuous distributions, which illustrate that many distribution patterns of Antarctic species are more an artefact of limited studies than representing actual distribution.
Some lithodid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Lithodidae) from Taiwan and adjacent waters, with the description of one new species from Guam
Lithodes paulayi closely resembles L. longispina Sakai, 1971, from off Japan and the central Pacific, but can be differentiated by the branchial region possessing two long dorsal spines and only one long marginal spine.
Red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) in the Barents Sea: A comparative study of introduced and native populations
Red king crab was introduced into the Barents Sea in the 1960–1970s and is considered to be a marker for Varangerfjord population differentiation, as no significant differences between the other samples were found at this locus.