Kinetic scaffolding mediated by a phospholipase C-beta and Gq signaling complex.

Abstract

Transmembrane signals initiated by a broad range of extracellular stimuli converge on nodes that regulate phospholipase C (PLC)-dependent inositol lipid hydrolysis for signal propagation. We describe how heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) activate PLC-βs and in turn are deactivated by these downstream effectors. The 2.7-angstrom structure of PLC-β3 bound to activated Gα(q) reveals a conserved module found within PLC-βs and other effectors optimized for rapid engagement of activated G proteins. The active site of PLC-β3 in the complex is occluded by an intramolecular plug that is likely removed upon G protein-dependent anchoring and orientation of the lipase at membrane surfaces. A second domain of PLC-β3 subsequently accelerates guanosine triphosphate hydrolysis by Gα(q), causing the complex to dissociate and terminate signal propagation. Mutations within this domain dramatically delay signal termination in vitro and in vivo. Consequently, this work suggests a dynamic catch-and-release mechanism used to sharpen spatiotemporal signals mediated by diverse sensory inputs.

DOI: 10.1126/science.1193438

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@article{Waldo2010KineticSM, title={Kinetic scaffolding mediated by a phospholipase C-beta and Gq signaling complex.}, author={Gary L. Waldo and Tiffany K. Ricks and Stephanie N. Hicks and Matthew L. Cheever and Takeharu Kawano and Kazuhito Tsuboi and Xiaoyue Wang and Craig Montell and Tohru Kozasa and John E. Sondek and T. Kendall Harden}, journal={Science}, year={2010}, volume={330 6006}, pages={974-80} }