Immobilization reduces the activity of surface-bound cationic antimicrobial peptides with no influence upon the activity spectrum.
Antimicrobial peptide immobilization onto surfaces is of great interest, although characterization of activity can be problematic. The kinetic microplate method described here determines the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of immobilized antimicrobial peptides through a combination and modification of traditional solution assays, overcoming the difficulties of working with a solid substrate. The technique enables rapid, accurate evaluation of immobilized peptide lytic behavior, elucidating both dose- and time-dependent activity at multiple concentrations. Furthermore, the method yields information regarding sublethal concentrations not realized in the traditional assays.