Kinetic Theories of Geodesic Acoustic Mode in Toroidal Plasmas


Geodesic Acoustic Modes (GAM) are known to constitute a continuous spectrum due to radial inhomogeneities. The existence of a singular layer causes GAM to mode convert to short wavelength kinetic GAM (KGAM) via finite ion Larmor radius (FLR) and finite guiding-center drift-orbit-width (FOW) effects. The dispersion relation of GAM/KGAM with FLR/FOW as well… (More)


3 Figures and Tables