Kinesiology of the hip: a focus on muscular actions.

@article{Neumann2010KinesiologyOT,
  title={Kinesiology of the hip: a focus on muscular actions.},
  author={Donald A. Neumann},
  journal={The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy},
  year={2010},
  volume={40 2},
  pages={
          82-94
        }
}
  • D. Neumann
  • Published 1 February 2010
  • Medicine, Biology
  • The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy
The 21 muscles that cross the hip provide both triplanar movement and stability between the femur and acetabulum. The primary intent of this clinical commentary is to review and discuss the current understanding of the specific actions of the hip muscles. Analysis of their actions is based primarily on the spatial orientation of the muscles relative to the axes of rotation at the hip. The discussion of muscle actions is organized according to the 3 cardinal planes of motion. Actions are… 

Fundamental and Clinical Considerations of the Muscles of the Hip

This chapter will provide an overview of the actions of hip muscles, with a focus on understanding a muscle’s action based on its line-of-force. Discussions will highlight on how the position of the

Clinical Biomechanics of the Hip Joint

  • P. MalloyS. Nho
  • Biology, Medicine
    Hip Arthroscopy and Hip Joint Preservation Surgery
  • 2021
Understanding the normal osteokinematics, arthrokinematics, and muscle actions at the hip joint provides clinicians with the basic biomechanical background to detect impairments that may impact function and contribute to injury.

Clinical anatomy of the musculoskeletal system in the hip region

Recent findings on the hip morphological characteristics, especially focusing on the intramuscular tendon of the gluteus medius tendon and its insertion sites, hip capsular attachment on the anterosuperior region of the acetabular margin, and composition of the iliofemoral ligament are presented.

Muscle activation in pelvic anteversion and retroversion

There was more pronounced activity of the lower portion of the gluteus maximus in retroversion, while the upper gluteUS maximus showed relevant activation level in both movements.

Effect of Hip External Rotation Angle on Pelvis and Lower Limb Muscle Activity During Prone Hip Extension

Hip external rotation angles are recommended to increase G Max activity, and hip external rotation is advocated to enhance G Med muscle activity during prone hip extension with ADIM and hip abduction in healthy subjects.

The influence of abnormal hip mechanics on knee injury: a biomechanical perspective.

  • C. Powers
  • Medicine, Biology
    The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy
  • 2010
It can be argued that interventions which address proximal impairments may be beneficial for patients who present with various knee conditions and a biomechanical argument can be made for the incorporation of pelvis and trunk stability, as well as dynamic hip joint control, into the design of knee rehabilitation programs.

Effects of hip rotation on the electromyographic activity of the medial and lateral hamstrings and muscle force.

  • W. Lim
  • Medicine
    Journal of back and musculoskeletal rehabilitation
  • 2021
Because the altered alignment of the hamstring muscles that was affected by hip rotation had a significant effect on muscle activity, and hip rotation may be helpful for selective training of medial or lateral hamstrings, this work concluded that bi-articular muscles may have different functional dependencies on the corresponding muscles for each joint.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES

Actions of hip muscles.

The MAV concept was used to identify the three contributions of a muscle tending to rotate the thigh segment relative to the pelvis, which is a posture prevalent in spastic, brain damaged patients.

Contraction of the abdominal muscles associated with movement of the lower limb.

Results suggest that the central nervous system deals with stabilization of the spine by contraction of the abdominal and multifidus muscles in anticipation of reactive forces produced by limb movement.

The Relation Between the Transversus Abdominis Muscles, Sacroiliac Joint Mechanics, and Low Back Pain

Findings are in line with the authors’ biomechanical model predictions and support the use of independent transversus abdominis contractions for the treatment of low back pain.

The anatomy and function of the gluteus minimus muscle.

The functional anatomy of gluteus minimus was dissected in fresh cadavers and a model was developed using plastic bones showing that it acts as a flexor, an abductor and an internal or external rotator, depending on the position of the femur and which part of the muscle is active.

Comparison of isokinetic internal and external hip rotation torques using different testing positions.

Findings contradicted previous reports that external rotation was the stronger of the two movements and provided valuable normative data on the relative strength proportions of the hip rotation musculature.

Functional evaluation of hip abductor muscles with use of magnetic resonance imaging

The results of this study indicate that the glutesus minimus muscle, along with the gluteus medius, plays an important role in hip abduction, gait, and stabilization of the pelvis.

The function of the psoas major muscle: passive kinetics and morphological studies using donated cadavers

The phasic heterogeneity in the function of the psoas major muscle depending on the flexion angle at the hip joint is analyzed to conclude that the PMM works phasically as an erector of the lumbar vertebral column, as well as a stabilizer of the femoral head in the acetabulum at 0°–15° flexion at the hips.

A three-dimensional biomechanical model of hip musculature.