Kinematics of flap-bounding flight in the zebra finch over a wide range of speeds

@article{Tobalske1999KinematicsOF,
  title={Kinematics of flap-bounding flight in the zebra finch over a wide range of speeds},
  author={Tobalske and Peacock and Dial},
  journal={The Journal of experimental biology},
  year={1999},
  volume={202 (Pt 13)},
  pages={1725-39}
}
It has been proposed elsewhere that flap-bounding, an intermittent flight style consisting of flapping phases interspersed with flexed-wing bounds, should offer no savings in average mechanical power relative to continuous flapping unless a bird flies 1.2 times faster than its maximum range speed (Vmr). Why do some species use intermittent bounds at speeds slower than 1.2Vmr? The 'fixed-gear hypothesis' suggests that flap-bounding is used to vary mean power output in small birds that are… CONTINUE READING

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