Kinematics of cycling in relation to anterior knee pain and patellar tendinitis

  title={Kinematics of cycling in relation to anterior knee pain and patellar tendinitis},
  author={Martin P Bailey and Frederick J Maillardet and N. Messenger},
  journal={Journal of Sports Sciences},
  pages={649 - 657}
The coronal and sagittal plane leg movements of 24 experienced male cyclists were assessed using video analysis while cycling on a Kingcycle windload simulator. The cyclists were grouped into those with a history of injury and an asymptomatic group on the basis of self-reported injury status. The ages, cycling experience, competition distances and competition speeds of the two groups were compared using Student's t-test. No significant differences (P <0.05) were found for any of these variables… 

Changes in the Trunk and Lower Extremity Kinematics Due to Fatigue Can Predispose to Chronic Injuries in Cycling

A 3D kinematic analysis of pedaling technique in a stable power fatigue protocol aimed at establishing relationships between fatigue and postural change and found some of the changes produced could lead to chronic knee and lumbar injuries.

Custom formed orthoses in cycling.

Asymmetry in hip, knee and ankle kinematics in cyclists with chronic unilateral patellofemoral pain

Investigating whether asymmetry of hip, knee and ankle kinematics in cyclists could contribute to patellofemoral pain when compared with cyclist without knee pain found asymmetry was present in the ankle joint.


Wedge and orthoses at the FSPI alter kinematics of the lower limb while cycling, although conclusions about their efficacy and response to long-term use are limited.

Effects of Lateral Shoe Wedges and Toe-in Foot Progression Angles on the Biomechanics of Knee Osteoarthritis during Stationary Cycling

There was a 22% decrease in the knee abduction moment with the 10° wedge but this finding was not accompanied by a decrease in knee adduction angle or subjective pain, and there was an increase in vertical and horizontal PRF which may negate the advantages of the decreased KAM.

Biomechanical effects of different treatment modalities used in knee pain during cycling

This study provides some initial understanding of the possible effects of bracing and taping in experienced cyclists, and suggests that the application of taping may alter the biomechanics of the cycling action.

Association of Cycling Kinematics With Anterior Knee Pain in Mountain Bike Cyclists.

Ankle, knee, and trunk sagittal kinematics may predict AKP in cross-country mountain bike cyclists, whereas hip, knees, and ankle alignment in the frontal plane showed no association with occurrence of AKP.

Kinematic analyses of semireclined leg cycling in able-bodied and spinal cord injured individuals

The joint kinematics of the hip, knee, and ankle were found to be periodic, but the differences in ankle kinematic in AB and SCI subjects suggest more emphasise should be placed on the current design of the bike-pedal and subject-specific seat configurations.

Effects of Workloads and Cadences on Frontal Plane Knee Biomechanics in Cycling.

Investigating the effects of different workloads and cadences on knee sagittal and frontal plane biomechanics in cycling indicated that increasing workload at constant cadence significantly increased peak knee abduction moment.



The effect of lower-limb anatomy on knee loads during seated cycling.

Etiologic factors associated with selected running injuries.

Analysis of biomechanical, anthropometric, and training data revealed that plantar flexion range of motion was a significant (P less than 0.05) discriminator between the control and plantar fasciitis groups.

Response of intersegmental knee loads to foot/pedal platform degrees of freedom in cycling.

Three-dimensional knee joint loading during seated cycling.

Patellofemoral problems in runners.

  • J. Cox
  • Medicine
    Clinics in sports medicine
  • 1985
This article concentrates on stress-related patellofemoral syndromes that are seen in runners.

Patel lof emoral Problems in Runners

Preventing Overuse Cycling Injuries.

The patellofemoral joint is under particular stress in bicycling, and many new recreational riders make two errors: setting the saddle too low and the gears too high.

Anterior Knee Pain (Chondromalacia Patellae).

Anterior knee pain (chondromalacia patellae) may be the most troublesome, ubiquitous overuse syndrome in the sports world and active involvement of the patient in the rehabilitation exercise program is key to successful management.

A comparative analysis of the incidence of overuse knee injuries in triathletes, runners and cyclists

A study which used a questionnaire to compare the risk of overuse knee injury in triathletes with the risk to matched groups of cyclists and runners is given.

Injuries to runners: A study of entrants to a 10,000 meter race

Injured runners differed significantly from noninjured runners in that they were more likely to have run more miles per week and run more days per week, and run a faster pace, while compliance with medical advice correlated well with treatment.