Kinematic response of lumbar functional spinal units to axial torsion with and without superimposed compression and flexion/extension

@article{Haberl2004KinematicRO,
  title={Kinematic response of lumbar functional spinal units to axial torsion with and without superimposed compression and flexion/extension},
  author={Hannes Haberl and P. Cripton and Tracy-E. Orr and Thomas Beutler and Hanspeter Frei and Wolfgang R. Lanksch and L.-P. Nolte},
  journal={European Spine Journal},
  year={2004},
  volume={13},
  pages={560-566}
}
Experimental data suggest that lumbar torsion contributes to lumbar disc degenerative changes, such as instability, spondylolisthesis and spinal canal stenosis. However, some basic mechanical characteristics of the lumbar spine under torsional loading have not yet been reported in detail. For example, the function of the facet joints under combined mechanical loads such as torsion with superimposed flexion or extension postures is an area of interest about which little biomechanical data have… CONTINUE READING

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