Kinematic mental simulations in abduction and deduction.

  title={Kinematic mental simulations in abduction and deduction.},
  author={Sangeet S. Khemlani and Robert Mackiewicz and Monica Bucciarelli and Philip N. Johnson-Laird},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={110 42},
We present a theory, and its computer implementation, of how mental simulations underlie the abductions of informal algorithms and deductions from these algorithms. Three experiments tested the theory's predictions, using an environment of a single railway track and a siding. This environment is akin to a universal Turing machine, but it is simple enough for nonprogrammers to use. Participants solved problems that required use of the siding to rearrange the order of cars in a train (experiment… CONTINUE READING
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