Kinematic and kinetic features of normal level walking in patellofemoral pain syndrome: more than a sagittal plane alteration.

Patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) often report discomfort and pain during walking. To date, most of the studies conducted to determine gait alterations in PFPS patients have focused on sagittal plane alterations. Physiological and biomechanical factors, however, suggest that frontal and transverse plane alterations may be involved in PFPS… (More)