Kill Rates and Predation by Wolves on Ungulate Populations in Białowieża Primeval Forest ( Poland )

@inproceedings{Jdrzejewski2002KillRA,
  title={Kill Rates and Predation by Wolves on Ungulate Populations in Białowieża Primeval Forest ( Poland )},
  author={Włodzimierz Jędrzejewski and Krzysztof Schmidt and J{\"o}rn Theuerkauf and Bogumiła Jędrzejewska and Nuria Selva and Karol Zub and Lucyna Szymura},
  year={2002}
}
Wolf (Canis lupus) kill rates, factors affecting their variation, and predation impact on ungulates were studied in the Polish part of Białowieża Primeval Forest (580 km2). With the mean size of hunting groups being 4.4 individuals, wolves killed, on average, 0.513 6 0.04 prey·(pack)21·d21 (mean 6 1 SE); 63% of prey were red deer (Cervus elaphus), 28% were wild boar (Sus scrofa), and 4% were roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). Per capita kill rate averaged 0.116 ungulates·(wolf)21·d21, and daily… CONTINUE READING
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