Kids These Days! Increasing delay of gratification ability over the past 50 years in children

  title={Kids These Days! Increasing delay of gratification ability over the past 50 years in children},
  author={John Protzko},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Waiting for the better reward: Comparison of delay of gratification in young children across two cultures
It is concluded that the intuitive comparative assessment of self-control task taps into children’s delay of gratification ability and the importance of testing for socio-cultural influences on children‘s cognitive development is emphasized.
Do Hot Executive Functions Relate to BMI and Body Composition in School Age Children?
The association of the z scores of BMI and FMI, overweight/obesity, and the ability to delay gratification was found insignificant after controlling cofounding factors and most of the results on affective decision-making were insignificant.
Analysis of the prevalence type in the adolescents’ social networks use by age and gender
Analysis of how young people use some of the platforms and social media indicates that social networks are an indisputable vehicle for young people to communicate, and even more so through the pandemic, and therefore, it is essential to consider whether the digital environment in which they interact is safe.
Self-nudging and the citizen choice architect
Abstract This article argues that nudges can often be turned into self-nudges: empowering interventions that enable people to design and structure their own decision environments – that is, to act as
Cultural Intelligence (CQ) and Cultural Exposure Through Mobility Programs
As a result of globalisation, a significant proportion of companies operate across borders and in many cases, work communities are also organised from workers with diverse cultural backgrounds. Due
"It is a common belief that the attention of new generations of children is in decline (Protzko & Schooler, 2019). However, such devastating claims about new generations are challenged when
Who Denigrates Today’s Youth?: The Role of Age, Implicit Theories, and Sharing the Same Negative Trait
Adults perceive the youth of the present as being worse than from when they were young. This phenomenon has been shown to be a product of a memory bias, adults are unable to accurately recall what


Can You Wait? The Effects of Induced Gratitude and Pride on Children?s Ability to Delay Gratification
Delay of gratification refers to the ability to wait for a preferred reward over an immediate reward. For children, this ability serves as an important predictor of future outcomes. Most research
Delayed Gratification Behavior Among Elementary School Children: An Intervention Model
In the 1960s, Walter Mischel conducted the first study on delayed gratification behavior (Goleman, 1995; Mischel, Shoda & Rodriquez, 1989). Since then, many other follow-up studies have been done to
Delay of Gratification in Children: Personal versus Group Choices
NISAN, MORDECAI. Delay of Gratification in Children: Personal versus Group Choices. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1976, 47, 195-200. 6to 7-year-olds were asked to choose as prizes either a single piece of candy
The Relationship Between the Development of Time Perception and Delay of Gratification
Delaying gratification is the ability to resist immediate rewards for larger or more desirable delayed rewards, and is important to individual and societal success. Many factors involved in delaying
Revisiting the Marshmallow Test: A Conceptual Replication Investigating Links Between Early Delay of Gratification and Later Outcomes
It was found that an additional minute waited at age 4 predicted a gain of approximately one tenth of a standard deviation in achievement at age 15, but this bivariate correlation was only half the size of those reported in the original studies and was reduced in the presence of controls for family background, early cognitive ability, and the home environment.
Your wish is my command! The influence of symbolic modelling on preschool children’s delay of gratification
A serendipitous finding showed a positive relationship between the ability of children to wait and their production and accurate use of temporal terms, which was more pronounced in girls than boys.
I want it all and I want it now: Delay of gratification in preschool children.
Testing 112 3- and 4-year-olds on a modified choice paradigm designed to help young children better utilize their "cool" system, allowing them to make more mindful and future-oriented decisions highlights the critical role that the method plays in young children's performance on cognitive paradigms.
Kids these days: Why the youth of today seem lacking
Two mechanisms contribute to humanity’s perennial tendency to denigrate kids: a person-specific tendency to notice the limitations of others where one excels and a memory bias projecting one's current qualities onto the youth of the past.
Delay of Gratification by Preschoolers: Evidence for the Validity of the Choice Paradigm.
SCHWARZ, J. CONRAD; SCHRAGER, JANET B.; and LYONS, ANDREA E. Delay of Gratification by Preschoolers: Evidence for the Validity of the Choice Paradigm. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1983, 54,620-625. This study