Keystone taxa as drivers of microbiome structure and functioning

  title={Keystone taxa as drivers of microbiome structure and functioning},
  author={Samir Banerjee and Klaus Schlaeppi and Marcel G. A. van der Heijden},
  journal={Nature Reviews Microbiology},
Microorganisms have a pivotal role in the functioning of ecosystems. Recent studies have shown that microbial communities harbour keystone taxa, which drive community composition and function irrespective of their abundance. In this Opinion article, we propose a definition of keystone taxa in microbial ecology and summarize over 200 microbial keystone taxa that have been identified in soil, plant and marine ecosystems, as well as in the human microbiome. We explore the importance of keystone… 

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