Keyholes, correlations, and capacities of multielement transmit and receive antennas

  title={Keyholes, correlations, and capacities of multielement transmit and receive antennas},
  author={Dmitry Chizhik and Gerard J. Foschini and M. J. Gans and Reinaldo A. Valenzuela},
  journal={IEEE Trans. Wireless Communications},
Multielement system capacities are usually thought of as limited only by correlations between elements. It is shown here that degenerate channel phenomena called “keyholes” may arise under realistic assumptions which have zero correlation between the entries of the channel matrixH and yet only a single degree of freedom. Canonical physical examples of keyholes are presented. For outdoor environments, it is shown that roof edge diffraction is perceived as a “keyhole” by a vertical base array… CONTINUE READING
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