Keyboards and keying An annotated bibliography of the literature from 1878 to 1999

  title={Keyboards and keying An annotated bibliography of the literature from 1878 to 1999},
  author={K. H. E. Kroemer},
  journal={Universal Access in the Information Society},
  • K. Kroemer
  • Published 1 October 2001
  • Education
  • Universal Access in the Information Society
This bibliography covers the period from 1878 through 1999. It contains, in chronological order, a thorough sampling of the literature concerning the design and use of keyboards. The sources are selected and annotated to reflect the status of engineering and technology know-how, and knowledge about ergonomic aspects of the use of the keyboards with, first, mechanical typewriters, then electric typewriters and finally, from the 1960s on, computers. The bibliography illustrates the origin of… 

The Split Keyboard: An Ergonomics Success Story

The author reviews the paper by Kroemer (1972) on the design of the split geometry keyboard and the subsequent 35 years of research on the topic to determine whether and how the split keyboard design might improve comfort and prevent pain in keyboard users.

An Alternative Chinese Keyboard Layout Design for Single-Digit Typists

An alternative Chinese keyboard layout for single-digit typists is designed and the efficacy of this innovative layout design is evaluated and it is indicated that the subjects' typing speed is fastest when utilizing the QWERTY layout, followed by the Alternative, Revised-QWERTY, and Random-Alternative.

Extending keyboard adaptability: An investigation

  • Shari Trewin
  • Computer Science
    Universal Access in the Information Society
  • 2002
A simple heuristic for estimating the accuracy improvement for an individual using this filter is presented and considerations for live implementation and further work are discussed.

Kinesthetic operant bias in keyboard-based choice behavior

ABSTRACT In any type of behavioral research involving a choice element, the researcher must consider the possible methodological challenge of operant bias: a consistent preference for one operant

Text Entry Systems: Mobility, Accessibility, Universality

This book covers different aspects of text entry systems and offers prospective researchers and developers global guidelines for conducting research on text entry, in terms of design strategy, evaluation methodology, and requirements.

Muscle strain of the hand-arm-shoulder system during typing at conventional and ergonomic keyboards

The ergonomic design of the tested keyboard led to objectively verifiable and plausible reductions of muscle strain.

Expressive feedback from virtual buttons

The simple action of pressing a button is a multimodal interaction with an interesting depth of complexity. As the development of computer interfaces to support 3D tasks evolves, there is a need to

Text Entry Interface Design Requirements at a Glance

This article presents a framework for guiding the systematic and comprehensive analysis of design requirements through the assessment of critical psychological components and highlights several solutions from typing and mobile devices that can be directly transferred into a new system.



Ergonomic keyboard design

This paper presents a summary of a research project dealing with the ergonomic improvement of keyboards, carried out at the IAO in Stuttgart during the past five years, which produced a relative optimum regarding ergonomic keyboard design.

Layout simulation for keyboards

This paper introduces a simple simulation tool for evaluating layout, and advises on a cheap and effective way to convert any given layout to any desired one.

A New Force-Displacement Metrology for Keyboards

A continuous force-displacement technique that measures dynamic force components of computer keyboards to assess the dynamic forces experienced at a user's fingertips while typing is introduced.

Performance of Disabled Persons on a Chordic Keyboard

The results indicated that the physical configuration and cognitive operation of a chordic keyboard would permit disabled persons to use computers.

Investigation of applied forces in alphanumeric keyboard work.

It was concluded that keyboard reaction forces can be used as an index of finger forces for keying tasks and further studies are necessary to evaluate the relationship between Keyboard reaction forces, fatigue, and chronic muscle, tendon, and nerve disorders.

Relationship between key space and user performance on reduced keyboards.

  • R. Yoshitake
  • Computer Science
    Applied human science : journal of physiological anthropology
  • 1995
An experiment was conducted to investigate the relationship between users' performance and the center-to-center key space of reduced-size keyboards and found no performance degradation for faster typists, including those with large fingers.

On-Screen Keyboards: Which Arrangements Should be Used?

Conclusions suggest potential incompatibility between the mouse interface and the 1-Row Alphabetical arrangement used in this study.

Acceptance of the adjustable keyboard

The acceptance of a split keyboard with a user-adjustable angle (adjustable keyboard) and its impact on postural discomfort and general comfort of users was tested in a comparative laboratory

Evaluation of Conventional, Serial, and Chord Keyboard Options for Mail Encoding

The motivation for the experiment was the integration of a work station display component and a suitable data entry device and a substantial advantage in training time for the calculator keyboard and two-handed serial keyboard over the two- handed chord keyboard.