Ketone body metabolism and its defects

@article{Fukao2014KetoneBM,
  title={Ketone body metabolism and its defects},
  author={Toshiyuki Fukao and Grant A Mitchell and J{\"o}rn Oliver Sass and Tomohiro Hori and Kenji E. Orii and Yuka Aoyama},
  journal={Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease},
  year={2014},
  volume={37},
  pages={541-551}
}
Acetoacetate (AcAc) and 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB), the two main ketone bodies of humans, are important vectors of energy transport from the liver to extrahepatic tissues, especially during fasting, when glucose supply is low. Blood total ketone body (TKB) levels should be evaluated in the context of clinical history, such as fasting time and ketogenic stresses. Blood TKB should also be evaluated in parallel with blood glucose and free fatty acids (FFA). The FFA/TKB ratio is especially useful for… 
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