Papilliferous Keratoameloblastoma: A Rare Case Report
The term keratoameloblastoma has been used to describe a histologically heterogeneous group of ameloblastoma variants which have in common the formation of keratin by the ameloblastomatous epithelium. The English language literature contains reports of only 12 cases of keratoameloblastoma, of which 4 cases exhibited a papilliferous component. We report a unique tumor that we believe falls within the broad histopathologic spectrum of keratoameloblastoma. We review the key clinical and histopathologic features of the previously reported cases of keratoameloblastoma and present an additional case that presented as an expansile, radiolucent lesion with internal opacification between the roots of teeth in the left anterior maxillary alveolar ridge of a 45-year-old white male. There is wide variation in the histopathologic appearance of cases reported under the appellation keratoameloblastoma. Our case exhibited a histopathologic feature shared by only 2 of the previously reported cases, notably islands and anastomosing cords of epithelium forming lamellated, pacinian-like stacks of parakeratin that extruded into the collagenous tumor stroma without eliciting a foreign body response. Due to the small number of reported cases, we are unable to accurately assess whether the biologic behavior of keratoameloblastoma differs from other histologic types of ameloblastoma.