Kept Under the Hood: Neglect of the Clitoris in Common Vernacular

  title={Kept Under the Hood: Neglect of the Clitoris in Common Vernacular},
  author={Shirley Matile Ogletree and Harvey J. Ginsburg},
  journal={Sex Roles},
Even though the “clitoris” is the organ homologous to the “penis,” this term may not be commonly used as the female counterpart to the penis. We conducted three studies to examine the usage of terminology for female sexual anatomy. In the first study 57 books in a university computer database for “sex instruction” were examined for the inclusion of terms such as penis, clitoris, vagina, vulva, and uterus. Penis was mentioned more often than either the clitoris or vulva in these books. In the… 
Ethics, aesthetics and euphemism: the vulva in contemporary society
  • L. Cox
  • Medicine
    Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
  • 2016
Western society considers itself free, liberal and nurturing of gender equality, yet women's genitalia remain a taboo subject, and popular culture is increasingly sexualised with acceptance of nudity in the media, and popularity of skimpy, tightly fitting fashions.
The Incidental Orgasm: The Presence of Clitoral Knowledge and the Absence of Orgasm for Women
Knowledge correlated significantly with the frequency of women's orgasm in masturbation but not partnered sex, and was associated with the least amount of tested knowledge among a sample of undergraduate students.
The clitoral activation paradox — Claimed outcomes from different methods of its stimulation
The role of coital alignment technique (CAT) in the treatment of female orgasmic disorder is discussed in relation to its features of introital, clitoral and periurethral glans stimulation.
An exploration of the prevalence of global, categorical, and specific female genital dissatisfaction
The current study aimed to clarify the prevalence of female genital dissatisfaction, both globally and with regards to distinct genital aspects, in a sample of women of different ages and with different relationship statuses.
The cortical sensory representation of genitalia in women and men: a systematic review
A systematic review of studies based on electrophysiological and functional neuroimaging studies supports the interpretation that there are two distinct representations of genital sensations in SI, one on the medial surface and the other on the lateral surface.
The Science of Female Orgasms: Pleasing Female Partners in Casual and Long-Term Relationships
The occurrence of the female orgasm, or lack thereof, has fueled productive research regarding gender differences in sexuality. Both scientific research and popular beliefs support the idea that men
An Examination of the Relationship between Authenticity and Female Sexual Dysfunction
An Examination of the Relationship between Authenticity and Female Sexual Dysfunction by Kaye Smith Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of
Use of the Bogus Pipeline Increases Sexual Concordance in Women But Not Men
Examining genital and self-reported sexual arousal in 47 women and 50 men using a condition known to discourage conformity to gender norms provides the first evidence that the gender difference in sexual concordance may at least partially result from social factors.
Women and Their Clitoris: Personal Discovery, Signification, and Use
Under continued, broad, and pervasive conditions of symbolic clitoridectomy—a bracketing of the clitoris by means of linguistic and discursive erasure—the carnal discovery of the clitoris poses
The Heteronormativity Theory of Low Sexual Desire in Women Partnered with Men
A distinct way forward is presented for research on low sexual desire in women partnered with men that attends to a more structural explanation: heteronormativity.


Female genital mutilation: the penultimate gender abuse.
Treatment of Sexual Disorders in the 1990s: An Integrated Approach.
Despite the conceptual and technological sophistication of current approaches, treatment outcome is less than satisfactory in several areas and further research is needed on the etiology and treatment of sexual disorders.
Characteristics of vibrator use among women
In this exploratory study, we investigated several demographic and sexual history correlates of vibrator usage among a diverse sample of 202 women. They completed a 35‐item questionnaire that
“Was it good for you, too?”: Gender differences in first sexual intercourse experiences
First sexual intercourse is considered to be a major life transition, but it is not always a pleasurable experience, especially for females. The major purposes of this research were to examine gender
Gender differences in sexuality: a meta-analysis.
This meta-analysis surveyed 177 usable sources that reported data on gender differences on 21 different measures of sexual attitudes and behaviors and found that gender differences narrowed from the 1960s to the 1980s for many variables.
An Unconventional Family
In 1965, when psychologists Sandra and Daryl Bem met and married, they were determined to function as truly egalitarian partners and also to raise their children in accordance with gender-liberated,
Understanding Human Sexuality
From the Publisher: Understanding Human Sexuality has always been a leader in the field,from the first edition in 1970 through the fifth edition in 1994. It is the "classic" that new books try to
Critical Clitoridectomy: Female Sexual Imagery and Feminist Psychoanalytic Theory
  • Paula Bennett
  • Art
    Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
  • 1993
L'imaginaire sexuel feminin a travers la poesie de Emily Dickinson, Lydia Huntley Sigourney et quelques autres poetesses americaines du XIXeme et du XXeme s.
Sexuality Education Across Cultures: Working with Differences
PrefaceThe Author 1. Rethinking Sexuality 2. Cultural Theories, Cultural Practices 3. Constructing Race, Inventing Stereotypes 4. Being Sexual: Our Behaviors and Indentities 5. Culture, GAnder, and