Kepler-16: A Transiting Circumbinary Planet

@article{Doyle2011Kepler16AT,
  title={Kepler-16: A Transiting Circumbinary Planet},
  author={Laurance R. Doyle and Joshua A. Carter and Daniel C. Fabrycky and Robert William Slawson and Steve B. Howell and Joshua N. Winn and Jerome A. Orosz and Andrej Pr{\vs}a and William F. Welsh and Samuel N. Quinn and David Latham and Guillermo Torres and Lars A. Buchhave and Geoffrey W. Marcy and Jonathan J. Fortney and Avi Shporer and Eric B. Ford and Jack J. Lissauer and Darin Ragozzine and Michael Rucker and Natalie M. Batalha and Jon M. Jenkins and William J. Borucki and David J. Koch and Christopher K. Middour and Jennifer R. Hall and S. McCauliff and Michael Nicholas Fanelli and Elisa V. Quintana and Matthew J. Holman and Douglas A. Caldwell and Martin D. Still and Robert P. Stefanik and Warren R. Brown and Gilbert A. Esquerdo and Sumin Tang and G{\'a}bor Fűr{\'e}sz and John Charles Geary and Perry L. Berlind and M. Calkins and Donald R. Short and Jason H. Steffen and Dimitar D. Sasselov and Edward Wood Dunham and William D. Cochran and Alan P. Boss and Michael R. Haas and Derek L. Buzasi and Debra A. Fischer},
  journal={Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={333},
  pages={1602 - 1606}
}
An exoplanet has been observed, comparable in size and mass to Saturn, that orbits a pair of stars. We report the detection of a planet whose orbit surrounds a pair of low-mass stars. Data from the Kepler spacecraft reveal transits of the planet across both stars, in addition to the mutual eclipses of the stars, giving precise constraints on the absolute dimensions of all three bodies. The planet is comparable to Saturn in mass and size and is on a nearly circular 229-day orbit around its two… Expand

Topics from this paper

Kepler-47: A Transiting Circumbinary Multiplanet System
TLDR
The detection of Kepler-47 establishes that close binary stars can host complete planetary systems, and reveals two small planets orbiting a pair of two low-mass stars. Expand
Circumbinary Planet Formation in the Kepler-16 System. I. N-body Simulations
The recently discovered circumbinary planets (Kepler-16 b, Kepler 34-b, Kepler 35-b) represent the first direct evidence of the viability of planet formation in circumbinary orbits. We report on theExpand
Transiting circumbinary planets Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b
TLDR
The observed rate of circumbinary planets in this sample implies that more than ∼1% of close binary stars have giant planets in nearly coplanar orbits, yielding a Galactic population of at least several million. Expand
Spin-Orbit Alignment for the Circumbinary Planet Host Kepler-16 A
Kepler-16 is an eccentric low-mass eclipsing binary with a circumbinary transiting planet. Here, we investigate the angular momentum of the primary star, based on Kepler photometry and KeckExpand
Orbital evolution of a circumbinary planet in a gaseous disk
Sub-Jupiter classed circumbinary planets discovered in close-in binary systems have orbits just beyond the dynamically unstable region, which is determined by the eccentricity and mass ratio of theExpand
Kepler 453 b - The 10th Kepler transiting circumbinary planet
We present the discovery of Kepler-453 b, a 6.2 R⊕ planet in a low-eccentricity, 240.5 day orbit about an eclipsing binary. The binary itself consists of a 0.94 and 0.195 M⊙ pair of stars with anExpand
No circumbinary planets transiting the tightest Kepler binaries – a possible fingerprint of a third star
The Kepler mission has yielded the discovery of eight circumbinary systems, all found around eclipsing binaries with periods greater than 7 d. This is longer than the typical eclipsing binary periodExpand
On the Habitable Zones of Circumbinary Planetary Systems
The effect of the stellar flux on exoplanetary systems is becoming an increasingly important property as more planets are discovered in the habitable zone (HZ). The Kepler mission has recentlyExpand
An Analytic Theory for the Orbits of Circumbinary Planets
Three transiting circumbinary planets (Kepler-16 b, Kepler-34 b, and Kepler-35 b) have recently been discovered from photometric data taken by the Kepler spacecraft. Their orbits are significantlyExpand
Planet Hunters: A Transiting Circumbinary Planet in a Quadruple Star System
We report the discovery and confirmation of a transiting circumbinary planet (PH1b) around KIC 4862625, an eclipsing binary in the Kepler field. The planet was discovered by volunteers searching theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 52 REFERENCES
Detecting circumbinary planets using eclipse timing of binary stars - numerical simulations
The presence of a body in an orbit around a close eclipsing binary star manifests itself through the light time e ect influencing the observed times of eclipses as the close binary and theExpand
On the formation and migration of giant planets in circumbinary discs
Aims. We present the results of hydrodynamic simulations of the formation and subsequent orbital evolution of giant planets embedded in a circumbinary disc. The aim is to examine whether or not giantExpand
Kepler Planet-Detection Mission: Introduction and First Results
TLDR
The planetary findings derived from the first six weeks of observations with the Kepler mission are summarized, which include the detection of five new exoplanets, which confirm the existence of planets with densities substantially lower than those predicted for gas giant planets. Expand
ANALYTIC LIGHTCURVES FOR PLANETARY TRANSIT SEARCHES
We present exact analytic formulae for the eclipse of a star described by quadratic or nonlinear limb darkening. In the limit that the planet radius is less than a tenth of the stellar radius, weExpand
Prospects of the detection of circumbinary planets with Kepler and CoRoT using the variations of eclipse timing
In close eclipsing binaries, measurements of the variations in binary's eclipse timing may be used to infer information about the existence of circumbinary objects. To determine the possibility ofExpand
Relative velocities among accreting planetesimals in binary systems: the circumbinary case
We investigate classical planetesimal accretion in a binary star system of separation a b ⩽50 AU a b ⩽ 50 AU by numerical simulations, with particular focus on the region at a distance of 1 AU fromExpand
Terrestrial planet formation surrounding close binary stars
Abstract Most stars reside in binary/multiple star systems; however, previous models of planet formation have studied growth of bodies orbiting an isolated single star. Disk material has beenExpand
KOI-126: A Triply Eclipsing Hierarchical Triple with Two Low-Mass Stars
TLDR
The Kepler telescope detected a triple stellar system consisting of a low-mass binary and a poorly sampled fully convective stellar domain offering a crucial benchmark for theoretical stellar models. Expand
Near-term detectability of terrestrial extrasolar planets: TEP network observations of CM Draconis
Results from a photometric search for extrasolar planetary transits across the eclipsing binary CM Dra are pre- sented. The TEP (Transits of Extrasolar Planets) network has observed this star sinceExpand
Analytic Light Curves for Planetary Transit Searches
We present exact analytic formulae for the eclipse of a star described by quadratic or nonlinear limb darkening. In the limit that the planet radius is less than a tenth of the stellar radius, weExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...