Keep Your Fingers Crossed!

  title={Keep Your Fingers Crossed!},
  author={Lysann Damisch and Barbara Stoberock and Thomas Mussweiler},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={1014 - 1020}
Superstitions are typically seen as inconsequential creations of irrational minds. Nevertheless, many people rely on superstitious thoughts and practices in their daily routines in order to gain good luck. To date, little is known about the consequences and potential benefits of such superstitions. The present research closes this gap by demonstrating performance benefits of superstitions and identifying their underlying psychological mechanisms. Specifically, Experiments 1 through 4 show that… 

Replication of the Superstition and Performance Study by Damisch, Stoberock, and Mussweiler (2010)

A recent series of experiments suggests that fostering superstitions can substantially improve performance on a variety of motor and cognitive tasks (Damisch, Stoberock, & Mussweiler, 2010). We

Superstition predicts perception of illusory control.

The magnitude of this illusion was predicted by people's level of endorsement of common superstitious beliefs (measured using a novel Superstitious Beliefs Questionnaire), but was not associated with mood variables or their self-rated locus of control.

The Differential Effects of Good Luck Belief on Cognitive Performance in Boys and Girls

Gender seems to moderate the effect of luck-related belief on solutions to cognitive problems, which are an important part of the authors' day-to-day decisions, and possibility of gender being a proxy for prior competence is addressed.

Extending Cognition Through Superstition: A Niche-Construction Theory Approach

Superstitious practices have been considered since the ancient times as signs of deviating cognitive forms (such as the elders’), concerned with irrelevant causal relationships, and/or reducible to

SUPERSTITIOUS ACQUIESCENCE 1 Running Head : SUPERSTITIOUS ACQUIESCENCE Believing What We Don ’ t Believe : Acquiescence to Superstitious Beliefs and Other Powerful Intuitions

Traditionally, research on superstition and magical thinking has focused on people’s cognitive shortcomings, but superstitions are not limited to individuals with mental deficits. Even smart,

Reversing one's fortune by pushing away bad luck.

It is demonstrated that engaging in an avoidant action-rather than creating physical distance-is critical for reversing the perceived effect of the jinx, which leads to lower perceived likelihoods.

Methodological and theoretical improvements in the study of superstitious beliefs and behaviour.

An improved Belief in Superstition Scale composed of three distinct components that found that among theoretical predictors, higher 'chance' locus of control (i.e., the belief that chance/fate controls one's life) best predicted all three BSS subscales.

Superstitious beliefs among school teachers

Superstitious beliefs influence a wide range of decisions and activities in our everyday life. Superstition has received little attention in the behavior literature, which was surprising since

Conditioned Superstition: Desire for Control and Consumer Brand Preferences

There are many opportunities in everyday life to associate consumer products with success or failure. For example, when a basketball fan drinks a particular brand of soda while watching her favorite



Measuring superstitious belief: Why lucky charms matter

The Effects of Stress and Desire for Control on Superstitious Behavior

Research shows that the frequency of magical thinking and superstitious behavior increases under conditions of stress. A possible explanation for this finding is that stress reduces the individual’s

Superstition as a psychological placebo in top sport

The current research addresses the psychological benefits of superstitious rituals in top sport, examining the circumstances under which top-class sportspersons are especially committed to enacting

The Psychological Benefits of Superstitious Rituals in Top Sport

The current research addresses the psychological benefits of superstitious rituals in top sport, examining the circumstances under which top-class sportsmen are especially committed to enacting

Cultivating competence, self-efficacy, and intrinsic interest through proximal self-motivation.

The present experiment tested the hypothesis that self-motivation through proximal goal setting serves as an effective mechanism for cultivating competencies, self-percepts of efficacy, and intrinsic

Relationship Between Self-efficacy, Wrestling Performance, and Affect Prior to Competition

This study examined the relationship between self-efficacy, wrestling performance, and affect prior to competition. 15 minutes prior to competition, 70 male high school wrestlers (M = 16.03 years)

The effect of arm crossing on persistence and performance

Two experiments investigated the hypothesis that arm crossing serves as a proprioceptive cue for perseverance within achievement settings. Experiment 1 found that inducing participants to cross their

With Good Luck : Belief in good luck and cognitive planning

Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change.

An integrative theoretical framework to explain and to predict psychological changes achieved by different modes of treatment is presented and findings are reported from microanalyses of enactive, vicarious, and emotive mode of treatment that support the hypothesized relationship between perceived self-efficacy and behavioral changes.

Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control

  • A. Bandura
  • Psychology
    Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy
  • 1999
Albert Bandura and the Exercise of Self-Efficacy Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control Albert Bandura. New York: W. H. Freeman ( 1997, 604 pp., $46.00 (hardcover). Enter the term