Karakorum–Hindukush–western Himalaya: assessing high‐altitude water resources

  title={Karakorum–Hindukush–western Himalaya: assessing high‐altitude water resources},
  author={Matthias Winiger and Manuel Gumpert and H. Yamout},
  journal={Hydrological Processes},
The high mountains of Central and South Asia provide irrigation water for their adjacent lowlands. The Indus Irrigation Scheme depends on approximately 50% of its runoff originating from snowmelt and glacier melt from the eastern Hindukush, Karakorum and western Himalaya. The Atlas of Pakistan indicates that these mountains gain a total annual rainfall of between 200 and 500 mm, amounts that are generally derived from valley‐based stations and not representative for elevated zones. High… 

Prevailing climatic trends and runoff response from Hindukush–Karakoram–Himalaya, upper Indus Basin

Abstract. Largely depending on the meltwater from the Hindukush–Karakoram–Himalaya, withdrawals from the upper Indus Basin (UIB) contribute half of the surface water availability in Pakistan,

Altitudinal runoff assessment under variable lapse rates of temperature in the Hindu Kush, Karakorum and Himalaya ranges of Pakistan

  • A. Ashraf
  • Environmental Science
    International Journal of Advanced Geosciences
  • 2020
Snow and glaciers form a major source of fresh water for sustenance of millions of people in the Hindu Kush, Karakoram and Himalaya (HKH) region. The meltwater supplies are highly vulnerable to

A Hydrometeorological Perspective on the Karakoram Anomaly Using Unique Valley‐Based Synoptic Weather Observations

Glaciers in the eastern Hindukush, western Karakoram, and northwestern Himalayan mountain ranges of Northern Pakistan are not responding to global warming in the same manner as their counterparts


Based on three case studies, this paper describes and analyzes the structure and dynamics of irrigation systems in Upper Hunza, located in the western Karakoram, Pakistan. In these deeply incised and

Snowpack Changes in the Hindu Kush–Karakoram–Himalaya from CMIP5 Global Climate Models

AbstractThe Hindu Kush, Karakoram, and Himalaya (HKKH) mountain ranges feed the most important Asian river systems, providing water to about 1.5 billion people. As a consequence, changes in snow

Future Hydrological Regimes in the Upper Indus Basin: A Case Study from a High-Altitude Glacierized Catchment

AbstractThe mountain regions of the Hindu Kush, Karakoram, and Himalayas (HKH) are considered Earth’s “third pole,” and water from there plays an essential role for downstream populations. The

Glaciers in the Indus Basin

Reconciling high-altitude precipitation in the upper Indus basin with glacier mass balances and runoff

Mountain ranges in Asia are important water suppliers, especially if downstream climates are arid, water demands are high and glaciers are abundant. In such basins, the hydrological cycle depends

Hydrology of the Upper Indus Basin Under Potential Climate Change Scenarios

The mountain regions of the Hindu Kush, Karakoram and Himalaya (HKKH) are the “third pole” of our planet, and the glaciers in this area are “water towers” of Asia. Recent studies postulated the



Humidity conditions in the Western Karakorum as indicated by climatic data and corresponding distribution patterns of the montane and alpine vegetation

Zusammenfassung: Feuchtigkeitsbedingungen im wesdichen Karakorum abgeleitet aus Klimadaten und Verteilungs mustern der montanen und alpinen Vegetation Laufende Klimauntersuchungen im westlichen

The Snowmelt-Runoff Model (SRM) user's manual

A manual to provide a means by which a user may apply the snowmelt runoff model (SRM) unaided is presented. Model structure, conditions of application, and data requirements, including remote