• Corpus ID: 42660921

KEY FACTS Canine Struvite Urolithiasis

@inproceedings{Seaman2005KEYFC,
  title={KEY FACTS Canine Struvite Urolithiasis},
  author={Rebecca L Seaman and Joseph W. Bartges},
  year={2005}
}
Struvite is the most common canine urolith. Struvite uroliths form when urine is supersaturated with magnesium, ammonium, and phosphate. Saturation is usually associated with a bacterial urinary tract infection (UTI) with urease-producing bacteria such as Staphylococcus species or, less commonly, Proteus species. Infections are particularly common in female and young dogs. Medical dissolution of struvite is best achieved with a combination of a struvitolytic diet and antibiotics chosen by… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
Medical dissolution and prevention of canine struvite urolithiasis. Twenty years of experience.
Evaluation of a calculolytic diet in female dogs with induced struvite urolithiasis.
TLDR
Concomitant occurrence of hydropic degeneration of hepatocytes indicated that these biochemical and morphologic changes were associated with dietary protein restriction.
Urolithiasis in dogs. III: Prevalence of urinary tract infection and interrelations of infection, age, sex, and mineral composition.
TLDR
There are wide sex differences in prevalence of urolithiasis- and specific mineral-associated bacterial infections, and in several instances, bacterial infections were significantly related to urinary calculus location.
Effect of acetohydroxamic acid on dissolution of canine struvite uroliths.
TLDR
Inhibition of urolith growth was associated with drug dose-dependent reduction of urine urease activity, urine pH, crystalluria, pyuria, hematuria, and proteinuria and reversible hemolytic anemia, abnormal red cell morphology, and abnormalities of bilirubin metabolism.
Urolithiasis in dogs. I: Mineral prevalence and interrelations of mineral composition, age, and sex.
TLDR
Sex and age of dogs, mineral types of likely calculi in males versus females, and their anatomic location are important considerations for clinicians when evaluating risk in dogs with urolithiasis.
Dissolution of a struvite nephrolith in a dog.
TLDR
Several factors may have contributed to the decrease in urine struvite concentration, including eradication of a urease-producing Proteus sp from the urinary tract and induction of polydipsia and compensatory polyuria by oral administration of sodium chloride.
Evaluation of the morphologic characteristics and prevalence of canine urocystoliths from a regional urolith center.
TLDR
For pure mineral composition urocystoliths, trends in mineral type among breeds and between sexes can be exploited clinically in the diagnosis and management of urolith-related disease.
Canine and feline nephrolithiasis. Epidemiology, detection, and management.
Urolithiasis in dogs. IV: Survey of interrelations among breed, mineral composition, and anatomic location of calculi, and presence of urinary tract infection.
TLDR
Breed and sex differences in prevalence of urolithiasis- and mineral-associated bacterial infections are numerous and streptococcal infections were significantly related to proportions of calculi passed in the urine.
Experimental induction of struvite uroliths in miniature schnauzer and beagle dogs.
TLDR
Miniature schnauzers whose ancestors had developed stones seemed to be no more susceptible to experimental urinary tract infection and stone formation than miniature s Schnauzers or beagles whose ancestors did not develop stones.
...
...