author={Pauline Kleingeld},
  journal={The Philosophical Quarterly},
  • P. Kleingeld
  • Published 1 October 2007
  • Philosophy, Law
  • The Philosophical Quarterly
During the 1780s, as Kant was developing his universalistic moral theory, he published texts in which he defended the superiority of whites over non-whites. Whether commentators see this as evidence of inconsistent universalism or of consistent inegalitarianism, they generally assume that Kant's position on race remained stable during the 1780s and 1790s. Against this standard view, I argue on the basis of his texts that Kant radically changed his mind. I examine his 1780s race theory and his… 
Kant's Second Thoughts on Colonialism
Kant is widely regarded as a fierce critic of colonialism. In Toward Perpetual Peace and the Metaphysics of Morals, for example, he forcefully condemns European conduct in the colonies as a flagrant
Kant’s Racism
Abstract After a long period of comparative neglect, in the last few decades growing numbers of philosophers have been paying attention to the startling contrast presented between Kant’s universal
Kant’s racial mind–body unions
Eric Voegelin’s writings on the historical development of the concept of race in the early 1930s are important to philosophy today in part because they provide a model upon which scholars can further
Colonialism in Kant’s Political Philosophy
This article examines the controversy that has arisen concerning the interpretation of Immanuel Kant's account of European colonialism. One the one hand there are those interpreters such as Robert
Kant on Race and Barbarism: Towards a More Complex View on Racism and Anti-Colonialism in Kant
Abstract Whether Kant’s late legal theory and his theory of race are contradictory in their account of colonialism has been a much-debated question that is also of highest importance for the
It's Not about Race: Good Wars, Bad Wars, and the Origins of Kant's Anti-Colonialism
  • Inés Valdez
  • Political Science
    American Political Science Review
  • 2017
This article offers a new interpretation of Kant's cosmopolitanism and his anti-colonialism in Toward Perpetual Peace. Kant's changing position has been the subject of extensive debates that have,
From Crooked Wood to Moral Agency: on Anthropology and Ethics In Kant
In this essay I lay out the textual materials surrounding the birth of physical anthropology as a racial science in the eighteenth century with a special focus on the development of Kant's own
Cosmopolitanisms in Kant's philosophy
To the memory of Sharon Anderson-Gold, fellow Kantian and cosmopolitan.Interpretations of Kant usually focus on his legal or political cosmopolitanism, a cluster of ideas revolving around perpetual
The concept of race in Kant’s Lectures on Anthropology
In the course of the last 20 years, the problem of Kant’s view of races has evolved from a marginal topic to a question which affects his critical philosophy in general, including the anthropology
Antinomies of race: diversity and destiny in Kant
ABSTRACT Larrimore's essay reads Kant's pioneering work in the theory of race in the context of his thought as a whole. Kant wrote on race for most of his career; at different stages of his thinking,


Performing the Categories: Eighteenth-Century Generation Theory and the Biological Roots of Kant's A Priori
  • P. R. Sloan
  • Philosophy
    Journal of the history of philosophy
  • 2002
The effort to understand the unity of Kant’s project in the sciences from the 1770s through the Opus Posthumum is a project now of interest to several Kant scholars.
Eurocentrism in philosophy : The case of Immanuel Kant
Etude du caractere universaliste et transcendantal de l'eurocentrisme dans la tradition philosophique occidentale, en general, et dans l'oeuvre historico-philosophique de Kant, en particulier. L'A.
Author Journal compilation ©  The Editors of The Philosophical Quarterly 39 I owe this reference to Susan Shell
    Kant states that 'even knowledge of the human races as resulting from the play of nature does not yet count as pragmatic but merely as theoretical knowledge of the world