K-Means Clustering as a Speciation Mechanism within an Individual-Based Evolving Predator-Prey Ecosystem Simulation


This online database contains the full-text of PhD dissertations and Masters' theses of University of Windsor students from 1954 forward. These documents are made available for personal study and research purposes only, in accordance with the Canadian Copyright Act and the Creative Commons license—CC BY-NC-ND (Attribution, Non-Commercial, No Derivative Works). Under this license, works must always be attributed to the copyright holder (original author), cannot be used for any commercial purposes, and may not be altered. Any other use would require the permission of the copyright holder. Students may inquire about withdrawing their dissertation and/or thesis from this database. For additional inquiries, please contact the repository administrator via email (scholarship@uwindsor.ca) or by telephone at 519-253-3000ext. 3208. Published I certify that I have obtained a written permission from the copyright owner(s) to include the above published material(s) in my thesis. I certify that the above material describes work completed during my registration as graduate student at the University of Windsor. I declare that, to the best of my knowledge, my thesis does not infringe upon anyone's copyright nor violate any proprietary rights and that any ideas, techniques, quotations, or any other material from the work of other people included in my thesis, published or otherwise, are fully acknowledged in accordance with the standard referencing practices. Furthermore, to the extent that I have included copyrighted iv material that surpasses the bounds of fair dealing within the meaning of the Canada Copyright Act, I certify that I have obtained a written permission from the copyright owner(s) to include such material(s) in my thesis. I declare that this is a true copy of my thesis, including any final revisions, as approved by my thesis committee and the Graduate Studies office, and that this thesis has not been submitted for a higher degree to any other University or Institution. v ABSTRACT Although presence of individual-based modeling in ecology continues to rise, to this date, there has been little to no studies of speciation in an evolving ecosystem simulation. This thesis presents a new method for modeling speciation within a previously created individual-based evolving predator-prey ecosystem simulation. As an alternative to the classical speciation mechanism originally implemented, k-means clustering provides a more realistic method for modeling speciation that, among other things, allows for species splitting, the recreation of the species tree of life, and more in-depth analysis of speciation. This thesis introduces the predator-prey ecosystem simulation …

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-15470-6_33

Extracted Key Phrases

Showing 1-10 of 38 references

Individual-based Modeling of Ecological and Evolutionary Processes

  • D Deangelis, W M Mooij
  • 2005
Highly Influential
3 Excerpts

Ten Years of Individual-based Modeling in Ecology: What Have We Learned and What Could We Learn in the Future

  • V Grimm
  • 1999
Highly Influential
3 Excerpts

How to Model It: Problem Solving for the Computer Age

  • A Starfield, K A Smith, A L Bleloch
  • 1990
Highly Influential
3 Excerpts

Complexity and Chaos Analysis of a Predator-Prey Ecosystem Simulation

  • Y Farahani, A Majdabadi, R Golestani, Gras
  • 2010
1 Excerpt

Individual-based Models as Tools for Ecological Theory and Application: Understanding the Emergence of Organizational Properties in Ecological Systems

  • B Breckling, U Middelho, H Reuter
  • 2006
1 Excerpt