Juvenile onset systemic sclerosis: a single center experience of 23 cases from Asia

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to study the spectrum of juvenile scleroderma (JSSc) seen at a tertiary care referral center in Asia. Retrospective analysis of case records of patients with systemic sclerosis, having age of onset less than 16 years and seen at our hospital from 1988 to 2004, was done. Patients with linear scleroderma and morphea were excluded. There were 23 patients (19 girls, 4 boys) with median age of onset of 12 years (range 5–16 years). The median age at presentation was 17 years (range 10–34 years). The median time from first symptoms to presentation was 4 years (range 0.2–26 years). Among these, 14 had diffuse systemic sclerosis (DSSc), while 9 had limited scleroderma (LSSc). The clinical features seen at presentation in patients were: Raynaud’s phenomenon in 19, digital ulcers in 14, loss of finger tip pulp in 12, reflux in 8, dysphagia in 7, arthritis in 8, digital gangrene in 2, and pulmonary artery hypertension in 1. Antinuclear antibody was positive in 15 out of 18 patients tested. Interstitial lung disease was seen in 15 patients, 6 of whom had diffuse disease. The median skin score was 22 (range 7–48) .One patient died of primary pulmonary hypertension within 1 year of onset of symptoms. At a mean follow-up of 34 months, 14 patients were stable or had improvement in skin score or dyspnea on exertion. DSSc and LSSc in childhood have a clinical presentation similar to adult patients, with cardiopulmonary involvement being the major predictor of outcome. The short-term prognosis of JSSc is good.

DOI: 10.1007/s10067-006-0483-z

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@article{Misra2006JuvenileOS, title={Juvenile onset systemic sclerosis: a single center experience of 23 cases from Asia}, author={Ramnath Misra and Gurmeet Singh and Parshant Aggarwal and Amita P Aggarwal}, journal={Clinical Rheumatology}, year={2006}, volume={26}, pages={1259-1262} }